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Introduction

The National Frequency Table of Allocations is a compendium of frequency allocations to services applicable to Nigeria as well as a depiction of frequency usage in Nigeria. This table has been developed and periodically reviewed in conformity with the international regulations governing radio spectrum and the international/ regional agreements acceded to by the Federal Republic of Nigeria in the capacity of the National Frequency Management Council. After each World Radiocommunication Conference, as convened by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), reviews to the table are made to reflect additions and modifications resulting from these conferences.

This table conveys the nation’s compendium prior to the World Radiocommunication Conference of 2015. The objective of developing and sustaining a National Table of Frequency Allocation is to promote spectrum discipline, increase efficiency and usage.
 

Table of Allocations

For the purpose of frequency allocation, the world is divided into three regions. Nigeria falls within Region 1. Article 5 of the Radio Regulations deal with these frequency allocations which have been made from 8.3KHz to 300GHz. It is mandatory for all administrations to adhere to these allocations. The table of allocations show the allocated spectrum bands, which are classified into six ranges (i.e. segments) where each segment represents a range of frequencies. Each of the six segments are presented using five columns as follows.

  1. Frequency Bands: The frequency bands constituting the allocated portion of the spectrum are outlined in the Frequency Bands column.
  2. ITU Region 1 Allocations: The column for ITU Region 1 Allocations specifies the services tied to the various frequency bands for Region 1.
  3. Nigerian Allocations: For each band, the column Nigerian Allocation outlines the services for which allocations could be made by the administrator.
  4. Nigerian Utilization: The column for Nigerian Utilization details the services actually deployed within each band.
  5. Remarks: Further information on band sharing/coordination, usage and (or) technical specifications are portrayed in the column termed Remarks.

Services are allocated either on a primary or secondary basis. If a frequency band is allocated to more than one service, such services are distinguished to reflect their status as either primary or secondary allocations. Primary services are prinited in UPPERCASE letters while secondary services are in lowercase letters with the first letter capitalized. According to technical specfications of the Radio Regulations developed for band sharing between services, stations providing secondary services are restricted from the following;

  1. Causing harmful interference to stations of primary service to which frequencies are already assigned or to which frequencies could be subsequently assigned.
  2. Claiming protection from harmful interference from stations of a primary service to which frequencies are already assigned or could be subsequently assigned.
    Stations providing secondary services are not restricted from
  3. Claiming protection, however, from harmful interference from station of the same or other secondary services(s) to which frequencies could be subsequently assigned.

The National Frequency Table of Allocations (separated by Segment) is presented below;

The National Frequency Table of Allocations is available for download: pdf NFMC - National Frequency Table of Allocations (1.61 MB) .

Footnotes

Footnotes provide further information on allocation as well as specifications perculiar to certain bands. These footnotes further illustrate how certain bands are to be utilized. In this document, footnotes applicable to Nigeria have been compiled and presented for easy referencing.

This page contains all the international and country footnotes applicable to spectrum management and administration in Nigeria. Applicable footnotes are essentially those mentioned in the column for Nigerian allocations.

5.53

Administrations authorizing the use of frequencies below 8.3 kHz shall ensure that no harmful interference is caused to services to which the bands above 8.3kHz are allocated. (WRC-12).
 

5.54

Administrations conducting scientific research using frequencies below 8.3kHz are urged to advise other administrations that may be concerned in order that such research may be afforded all practicable protection from harmful interference. (WRC-12).
 

5.54A

Use of the 8.3-11.3kHz frequency band by stations in the meteorological aids service is limited to passive use only. In the band 9-11.3kHz, meteorological aids stations shall not claim protection from stations of the radio navigation service submitted for notification to the Bureau prior to 1 January 2013. For sharing between stations of the meteorological aids service and stations in the radio navigation service submitted for notification after this date, the most recent version of Recommendation ITU-R RS.1881 should be applied. (WRC-12).
 

5.56

The stations of services to which the bands 14-19.95kHz and 20.05-70kHz and in Region 1 also the bands 72-84 kHz and 86-90 kHz are allocated may transmit standard frequency and time signals. Such stations shall be afforded protection from harmful interference. In Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, the Russian Federation, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, the frequencies 25kHz and 50kHz will be used for this purpose under the same conditions. (WRC-12).
 

5.57

The use of the bands 14-19.95kHz, 20.05-70kHz and 70-90kHz (72-84kHz and 86-90kHz in Region 1) by the maritime mobile service is limited to coast radiotelegraph stations (A1A and F1B only). Exceptionally, the use of class J2B or J7B emissions is authorized subject to the necessary bandwidth not exceeding that normally used for class A1A or F1B emissions in the band concerned.
 

5.60

In the bands 70-90kHz (70-86kHz in Region 1) and 110-130kHz (112-130kHz in Region 1), pulsed radio navigation systems may be used on condition that they do not cause harmful interference to other services to which these bands are allocated.
 

5.62

Administrations which operate stations in the radio navigation service in the band 90-110kHz are urged to coordinate technical and operating characteristics in such a way as to avoid harmful interference to the services provided by these stations.
 

5.64

Only classes A1A or F1B, A2C, A3C, F1C or F3C emissions are authorized for stations of the fixed service in the bands allocated to this service between 90kHz and 160kHz (148.5kHz in Region 1) and for stations of the maritime mobile service in the bands allocated to this service between 110kHz and 160kHz (148.5kHz in Region 1). Exceptionally, class J2B or J7B emissions are also authorized in the bands between 110kHz and 160kHz (148.5kHz in Region 1) for stations of the maritime mobile service.
 

5.67A

Stations in the amateur service using frequencies in the band 135.7-137.8kHz shall not exceed a maximum radiated power of 1 W (e.i.r.p.) and shall not cause harmful interference to stations of the radio navigation service operating in countries listed in No. 5.67. (WRC-07).
 

5.70

Alternative allocation: in Angola, Botswana, Burundi, the Central African Rep., Congo (Rep. of the), Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Chad, Zambia and Zimbabwe, the band 200-283.5kHz is allocated to the aeronautical radio navigation service on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.73

The band 285-325 kHz (283.5-325 kHz in Region 1) in the maritime radionavigation service may be used to transmit supplementary navigational information using narrow-band techniques, on condition that no harmful interference is caused to radio beacon stations operating in the radio navigation service. (WRC-97).
 

5.74

Additional Allocation: in Region 1, the frequency band 285.3-285.7kHz is also allocated to the maritime radio navigation service (other than radio beacons) on a primary basis.
 

5.76

The frequency 410 kHz is designated for radio direction-finding in the maritime radio navigation service. The other radio navigation services to which the band 405-415kHz is allocated shall not cause harmful interference to radio direction-finding in the band 406.5-413.5kHz.
 

5.79A

When establishing coast stations in the NAVTEX service on the frequencies 490kHz, 518kHz and 4 209.5kHz, administrations are strongly recommended to coordinate the operating characteristics in accordance with the procedures of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) (see Resolution 339 (Rev.WRC-07)). (WRC-07).
 

5.82

In the maritime mobile service, the frequency 490 kHz is to be used exclusively for the transmission by coast stations of navigational and meteorological warnings and urgent information to ships, by means of narrow- band direct-printing telegraphy. The conditions for use of the frequency 490kHz are prescribed in Articles 31 and 52. In using the frequency band 415-495kHz for the aeronautical radio navigation service, administrations are requested to ensure that no harmful interference is caused to the frequency 490kHz. In using the frequency band 472-479kHz for the amateur service, administrations shall ensure that no harmful interference is caused to the frequency 490kHz. (WRC-12).
 

5.84

The conditions for the use of the frequency 518kHz by the maritime mobile service are prescribed in Articles 31 and 52. (WRC-07).
 

5.92

Some countries of Region 1 use radio determination systems in the bands 1 606.5-1 625kHz, 1 635- 1 800kHz, 1 850-2 160kHz, 2 194-2 300kHz, 2 502-2 850kHz and 3 500-3 800kHz, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. The radiated mean power of these stations shall not exceed 50 W.
 

5.93

Additional allocation: in Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, the Russian Federation, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Nigeria, Uzbekistan, Poland, Kyrgyzstan, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Chad, Turkmenistan and Ukraine, the bands 1 625-1 635kHz, 1 800-1 810kHz and 2 160-2 170kHz are also allocated to the fixed and land mobile services on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. (WRC-12).
 

5.100

In Region 1, the authorization to use the band 1 810-1 830kHz by the amateur service in countries situated totally or partially north of 40° N shall be given only after consultation with the countries mentioned in Nos. 5.98 and 5.99 to define the necessary steps to be taken to prevent harmful interference between amateur stations and stations of other services operating in accordance with Nos. 5.98 and 5.99.
 

5.103

In Region 1, in making assignments to stations in the fixed and mobile services in the bands 1 850- 2 045kHz, 2 194-2 498kHz, 2 502-2 625kHz and 2 650-2 850kHz, administrations should bear in mind the special requirements of the maritime mobile service.
 

5.104

In Region 1, the use of the band 2 025-2 045kHz by the meteorological aids service is limited to oceanographic buoy stations.
 

5.108

The carrier frequency 2 182kHz is an international distress and calling frequency for radiotelephony. The conditions for the use of the band 2 173.5-2 190.5kHz are prescribed in Articles 31 and 52. (WRC-07).
 

5.109

The frequencies 2 187.5kHz, 4 207.5kHz, 6 312kHz, 8 414.5kHz, 12 577kHz and 16 804.5kHz are international distress frequencies for digital selective calling. The conditions for the use of these frequencies are prescribed in Article 31.
 

5.110

The frequencies 2 174.5kHz, 4 177.5kHz, 6 268kHz, 8 376.5kHz, 12 520kHz and 16 695kHz are international distress frequencies for narrow-band direct- printing telegraphy. The conditions for the use of these frequencies are prescribed in Article 31.
 

5.111

The carrier frequencies 2 182kHz, 3 023kHz, 5 680kHz, 8 364kHz and the frequencies 121.5MHz, 156.525MHz, 156.8MHz and 243MHz may also be used, in accordance with the procedures in force for terrestrial radio communication services, for search and rescue operations concerning manned space vehicles. The conditions for the use of the frequencies are prescribed in Article 31. The same applies to the frequencies 10 003kHz, 14 993kHz and 19 993kHz, but in each of these cases emissions must be confined in a band of •} 3 kHz about the frequency. (WRC-07).
 

5.113

For the conditions for the use of the bands 2 300-2 495kHz (2 498kHz in Region 1), 3 200-3 400 kHz, 4 750-4 995 kHz and 5 005-5 060 kHz by the broadcasting service, see Nos. 5.16 to 5.20, 5.21 and 23.3 to 23.10.
 

5.115

The carrier (reference) frequencies 3 023kHz and 5 680kHz may also be used, in accordance with Article 31, by stations of the maritime mobile service engaged in coordinated search and rescue operations. (WRC-07).
 

5.116

Administrations are urged to authorize the use of the band 3 155-3 195kHz to provide a common worldwide channel for low power wireless hearing aids. Additional channels for these devices may be assigned by administrations in the bands between 3 155kHz and 3 400kHz to suit local needs.
 

5.127

The use of the band 4 000-4 063kHz by the maritime mobile service is limited to ship stations using radiotelephony (see No. 52.220 and Appendix 17).
 

5.130

The conditions for the use of the carrier frequencies 4 125kHz and 6 215kHz are prescribed in Articles 31 and 52. (WRC-07).
 

5.131

The frequency 4 209.5kHz is used exclusively for the transmission by coast stations of meteorological and navigational warnings and urgent information to ships by means of narrow-band direct-printing techniques. (WRC-97).
 

5.132

The frequencies 4 210kHz, 6 314kHz, 8 416.5kHz, 12 579kHz, 16 806.5kHz, 19 680.5kHz, 22 376kHz and 26 100.5kHz are the international frequencies for the transmission of maritime safety information (MSI) (see Appendix 17).
 

5.132A

Stations in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, stations operating in the fixed or mobile services. Applications of the radiolocation service are limited to oceanographic radars operating in accordance with Resolution 612 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.134

The use of the bands 5 900-5 950kHz, 7 300-7 350kHz, 9 400-9 500kHz, 11 600-11 650kHz, 12 050- 12 100kHz, 13 570-13 600kHz, 13 800-13 870kHz, 15 600-15 800kHz, 17 480-17 550kHz and 18 900-19 020kHz by the broadcasting service is subject to the application of the procedure of Article 12. Administrations are encouraged to use these bands to facilitate the introduction of digitally modulated emissions in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 517 (Rev.WRC-07). (WRC-07).
 

5.136

Additional allocation: frequencies in the band 5 900-5 950kHz may be used by stations in the following services, communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located: fixed service (in all three Regions), land mobile service (in Region 1), mobile except aeronautical mobile (R) service (in Regions 2 and 3), on condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service. When using frequencies for these services, administrations are urged to use the minimum power required and to take account of the seasonal use of frequencies by the broadcasting service published in accordance with the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.137

On condition that harmful interference is not caused to the maritime mobile service, the bands 6 200- 6 213.5kHz and 6 220.5-6 525kHz may be used exceptionally by stations in the fixed service, communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located, with a mean power not exceeding 50 W. At the time of notification of these frequencies, the attention of the Bureau will be drawn to the above conditions.
 

5.138

The following bands: 6 765-6 795kHz (centre frequency 6 780kHz), 433.05- 434.79MHz (centre frequency 433.92MHz) in Region 1 except in the countries mentioned in No. 5.280, 61-61.5GHz (centre frequency 61.25GHz), 122-123GHz (centre frequency 122.5GHz), and 244-246GHz (centre frequency 245GHz) are designated for industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) applications. The use of these frequency bands for ISM applications shall be subject to special authorization by the administration concerned, in agreement with other administrations whose radio-communication services might be affected. In applying this provision, administrations shall have due regard to the latest relevant ITU-R Recommendations.
 

5.143

Additional allocation: frequencies in the band 7 300-7 350kHz may be used by stations in the fixed service and in the land mobile service, communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located, on condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service. When using frequencies for these services, administrations are urged to use the minimum power required and to take account of the seasonal use of frequencies by the broadcasting service published in accordance with the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.143B

In Region 1, frequencies in the band 7 350-7 450kHz may be used by stations in the fixed and land mobile services communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located on condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service. The total radiated power of each station shall not exceed 24 dBW. (WRC-12).
 

5.145

The conditions for the use of the carrier frequencies 8 291kHz, 12 290kHz and 16 420kHz are prescribed in Articles 31 and 52. (WRC-07).
 

5.145A

Stations in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, stations operating in the fixed service. Applications of the radiolocation service are limited to oceanographic radars operating in accordance with Resolution 612 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.146

Additional allocation: frequencies in the bands 9 400-9 500kHz, 11 600-11 650kHz, 12 050-12 100kHz, 15 600-15 800kHz, 17 480-17 550kHz and 18 900-19 020kHz may be used by stations in the fixed service, communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located, on condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service. When using frequencies in the fixed service, administrations are urged to use the minimum power required and to take account of the seasonal use of frequencies by the broadcasting service published in accordance with the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.147

On condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service, frequencies in the bands 9 775-9 900kHz, 11 650-11 700kHz and 11 975- 12 050kHz may be used by stations in the fixed service communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located, each station using a total radiated power not exceeding 24 dBW.
 

5.151

Additional allocation: frequencies in the bands 13 570-13 600kHz and 13 800-13 870kHz may be used by stations in the fixed service and in the mobile except aeronautical mobile (R) service, communicating only within the boundary of the country in which they are located, on the condition that harmful interference is not caused to the broadcasting service. When using frequencies in these services, administrations are urged to use the minimum power required and to take account of the seasonal use of frequencies by the broadcasting service published in accordance with the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.155B

The band 21 870-21 924kHz is used by the fixed service for provision of services related to aircraft flight safety.
 

5.156

Additional allocation: in Nigeria, the band 22 720-23 200 kHz is also allocated to the meteorological aids service (radiosondes) on a primary basis.
 

5.156A

The use of the band 23 200-23 350kHz by the fixed service is limited to provision of services related to aircraft flight safety.
 

5.157

The use of the band 23 350-24 000kHz by the maritime mobile service is limited to inter-ship radiotelegraphy.
 

5.164

Additional allocation: in Albania, Algeria, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Côte d'Ivoire, Denmark, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Morocco, Mauritania, Monaco, Montenegro, Nigeria, Norway, the Netherlands, Poland, Syrian Arab Republic, Slovakia, Czech Rep.,Romania, the United Kingdom, Serbia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Swaziland, Chad, Togo, Tunisia and Turkey, the band 47-68MHz, in South Africa the band 47-50MHz, and in Latvia the band 48.5-56.5MHz, are also allocated to the land mobile service on a primary basis. However, stations of the land mobile service in the countries mentioned in connection with each band referred to in this footnote shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, existing or planned broadcasting stations of countries other than those mentioned in connection with the band. (WRC-12).
 

5.180

The frequency 75MHz is assigned to marker beacons. Administrations shall refrain from assigning frequencies close to the limits of the guard band to stations of other services which, because of their power or geographical position, might cause harmful interference or otherwise place a constraint on marker beacons. Every effort should be made to improve further the characteristics of airborne receivers and to limit the power of transmitting stations close to the limits 74.8MHz and 75.2MHz.
 

5.197A

Additional allocation: the band 108-117.975MHz is also allocated on a primary basis to the aeronautical mobile (R) service, limited to systems operating in accordance with recognized international aeronautical standards. Such use shall be in accordance with Resolution 413 (Rev.WRC-07)*. The use of the band 108-112MHz by the aeronautical mobile (R) service shall be limited to systems composed of ground-based transmitters and associated receivers that provide navigational information in support of air navigation functions in accordance with recognized international aeronautical standards. (WRC-07).
 

5.200

In the band 117.975-137MHz, the frequency 121.5MHz is the aeronautical emergency frequency and, where required, the frequency 123.1 MHz is the aeronautical frequency auxiliary to 121.5MHz. Mobile stations of the maritime mobile service may communicate on these frequencies under the conditions laid down in Article 31 for distress and safety purposes with stations of the aeronautical mobile service. (WRC-07).
 

5.208

The use of the band 137-138MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. (WRC-97).
 

5.208A

In making assignments to space stations in the mobile-satellite service in the bands 137-138MHz, 387-390MHz and 400.15-401MHz, administrations shall take all practicable steps to protect the radio astronomy service in the bands 150.05-153MHz, 322-328.6MHz, 406.1-410MHz and 608-614MHz from harmful interference from unwanted emissions. The threshold levels of interference detrimental to the radio astronomy service are shown in the relevant ITU-R Recommendation. (WRC-07).
 

5.209

The use of the bands 137-138MHz, 148-150.05MHz, 399.9-400.05MHz, 400.15-401MHz, 454-456MHz and 459-460MHz by the mobile-satellite service is limited to non-geostationary-satellite systems. (WRC-97).
 

5.218

Additional allocation: the band 148-149.9MHz is also allocated to the space operation service (Earth-to space) on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. The bandwidth of any individual transmission shall not exceed 25kHz.
 

5.219

The use of the band 148-149.9 MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The mobile-satellite service shall not constrain the development and use of the fixed, mobile and space operation services in the band 148-149.9MHz.
 

5.220

The use of the bands 149.9-150.05MHz and 399.9-400.05MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The mobile- satellite service shall not constrain the development and use of the radio navigation-satellite service in the bands 149.9-150.05 MHz and 399.9-400.05MHz. (WRC-97).
 

5.222

Emissions of the radio navigation-satellite service in the bands 149.9-150.05MHz and 399.9-400.05MHz may also be used by receiving earth stations of the space research service.
 

5.223

Recognizing that the use of the band 149.9-150.05MHz by the fixed and mobile services may cause harmful interference to the radio-navigation-satellite service, administrations are urged not to authorize such use in application of No. 4.4.
 

5.224A

The use of the bands 149.9-150.05MHz and 399.9-400.05MHz by the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to space) is limited to the land mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) until 1 January 2015. (WRC-97).
 

5.224B

The allocation of the bands 149.9-150.05MHz and 399.9-400.05MHz to the radio-navigation-satellite service shall be effective until 1 January 2015. (WRC-97).
 

5.226

The frequency 156.525MHz is the international distress, safety and calling frequency for the maritime mobile VHF radiotelephone service using digital selective calling (DSC). The conditions for the use of this frequency and the band 156.4875-156.5625MHz are contained in Articles 31 and 52, and in Appendix 18. The frequency 156.8 MHz is the international distress, safety and calling frequency for the maritime mobile VHF radiotelephone service. The conditions for the use of this frequency and the band 156.7625-156.8375MHz are contained in Article 31 and Appendix 18. In the bands 156-156.4875MHz, 156.5625-156.7625MHz, 156.8375-157.45MHz, 160.6-160.975 MHz and 161.475-162.05 MHz, each administration shall give priority to the maritime mobile service on only such frequencies as are assigned to stations of the maritime mobile service by the administration (see Articles 31 and 52, and Appendix 18).
 

5.227

Additional allocation: the bands 156.4875-156.5125MHz and 156.5375- 156.5625 MHz are also allocated to the fixed and land mobile services on a primary basis. The use of these bands by the fixed and land mobile services shall not cause harmful interference to nor claim protection from the maritime mobile VHF radio-communication service. (WRC-07).
 

5.228

The use of the frequency bands 156.7625-156.7875MHz and 156.8125- 156.8375MHz by the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to the reception of automatic identification system (AIS) emissions of long range AIS broadcast messages (Message 27, see the most recent version of Recommendation ITU-R M.1371). With the exception of AIS emissions, emissions in these frequency bands by systems operating in the maritime mobile service for communications shall not exceed 1 W. (WRC-12).
 

5.228A

The frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875 MHz and 162.0125-162.0375MHz may be used by aircraft stations for the purpose of search and rescue operations and other safety-related communications. (WRC-12).
 

5.228B

The use of the frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875MHz and 162.0125- 162.0375MHz by the fixed and land mobile services shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, the maritime mobile service. (WRC-12).
 

5.228C

The use of the frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875MHz and 162.0125- 162.0375MHz by the maritime mobile service and the mobile-satellite (Earth-to- space) service is limited to the automatic identification system (AIS). The use of these frequency bands by the aeronautical mobile (OR) service is limited to AIS emissions from search and rescue aircraft operations. The AIS operations in these frequency bands shall not constrain the development and use of the fixed and mobile services operating in the adjacent frequency bands. (WRC-12).
 

5.228D

The frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875 MHz (AIS 1) and 162.0125- 162.0375MHz (AIS 2) may continue to be used by the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis until 1 January 2025, at which time this allocation shall no longer be valid. Administrations are encouraged to make all practicable efforts to discontinue the use of these bands by the fixed and mobile services prior to the transition date. During this transition period, the maritime mobile service in these frequency bands has priority over the fixed, land mobile and aeronautical mobile services. (WRC-12).
 

5.228E

The use of the automatic identification system in the frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875MHz and 162.0125-162.0375MHz by the aeronautical mobile (OR) service is limited to aircraft stations for the purpose of search and rescue operations and other safety-related communications. (WRC-12).
 

5.228F

The use of the frequency bands 161.9625-161.9875MHz and 162.0125- 162.0375MHz by the mobile satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to the reception of automatic identification system emissions from stations operating in the maritime mobile service. (WRC-12).
 

5.254

The bands 235-322MHz and 335.4-399.9MHz may be used by the mobile- satellite service, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21, on condition that stations in this service do not cause harmful interference to those of other services operating or planned to be operated in accordance with the Table of Frequency Allocations except for the additional allocation made in footnote No. 5.256A. (WRC-03).
 

5.255

The bands 312-315MHz (Earth-to-space) and 387-390MHz (space-to-Earth) in the mobile-satellite service may also be used by non-geostationary-satellite systems. Such use is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A.
 

5.256

The frequency 243MHz is the frequency in this band for use by survival craft stations and equipment used for survival purposes. (WRC-07).
 

5.257

The band 267-272MHz may be used by administrations for space telemetry in their countries on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.258

The use of the band 328.6-335.4MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to Instrument Landing Systems (glide path).
 

5.260

Recognizing that the use of the band 399.9-400.05MHz by the fixed and mobile services may cause harmful interference to the radio-navigation satellite service, administrations are urged not to authorize such use in application of No. 4.4.
 

5.261

Emissions shall be confined in a band of •+ or- 25kHz about the standard frequency 400.1MHz.
 

5.263

The band 400.15-401MHz is also allocated to the space research service in the space-to-space direction for communications with manned space vehicles. In this application, the space research service will not be regarded as a safety service.
 

5.264

The use of the band 400.15-401MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The power flux-density limit indicated in Annex 1 of Appendix 5 shall apply until such time as a competent world radio- communication conference revises it.
 

5.266

The use of the band 406-406.1MHz by the mobile-satellite service is limited to low power satellite emergency position-indicating radio beacons (see also Article 31). (WRC-07).
 

5.267

Any emission capable of causing harmful interference to the authorized uses of the band 406-406.1MHz is prohibited.
 

5.268

Use of the band 410-420MHz by the space research service is limited to communications within 5 km of an orbiting, manned space vehicle. The power flux-density at the surface of the Earth produced by emissions from extra- vehicular activities shall not exceed –153 dB (W/m2) for 0° ≤ δ ≤ 5°, −153 + 0.077 (δ – 5) dB (W/m2) for 5° ≤ δ ≤ 70° and –148 dB (W/m2) for 70° ≤ δ ≤ 90°, where δ is the angle of arrival of the radio-frequency wave and the reference bandwidth is 4kHz. No. 4.10 does not apply to extra-vehicular activities. In this frequency band the space research (space-to-space) service shall not claim protection from, nor constrain the use and development of, stations of the fixed and mobile services. (WRC-97).
 

5.276

Additional allocation: in Afghanistan, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Turkey and Yemen, the band 430-440 MHz is also allocated to the fixed service on a primary basis and the bands 430-435MHz and 438-440MHz are also allocated to the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.279A

The use of this band by sensors in the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) shall be in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R RS.1260-1. Additionally, the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) in the band 432-438MHz shall not cause harmful interference to the aeronautical radio-navigation service in China. The provisions of this footnote in no way diminish the obligation of the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) to operate as a secondary service in accordance with Nos. 5.29 and 5.30. (WRC-03).
 

5.286

The band 449.75-450.25MHz may be used for the space operation service (Earth-to-space) and the space research service (Earth-to-space), subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.286A

The use of the bands 454-456MHz and 459-460MHz by the mobile- satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. (WRC-97).
 

5.286AA

The band 450-470MHz is identified for use by administrations wishing to implement International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT). See Resolution 224 (Rev.WRC-07)*. This identification does not preclude the use of this band by any application of the services to which it is allocated and does not establish priority in the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.286E

Additional allocation: in Cape Verde, Nepal and Nigeria, the bands 454-456MHz and 459-460MHz are also allocated to the mobile-satellite (Earth-to-space) service on a primary basis. (WRC-07).
 

5.287

In the maritime mobile service, the frequencies 457.525MHz, 457.550MHz, 457.575MHz, 467.525MHz, 467.550MHz and 467.575MHz may be used by on-board communication stations. Where needed, equipment designed for 12.5kHz channel spacing using also the additional frequencies 457.5375MHz, 457.5625MHz, 467.5375MHz and 467.5625MHz may be introduced for on- board communications. The use of these frequencies in territorial waters may be subject to the national regulations of the administration concerned. The characteristics of the equipment used shall conform to those specified in Recommendation ITU-R M.1174-2. (WRC-07).
 

5.289

Earth exploration-satellite service applications, other than the meteorological-satellite service, may also be used in the bands 460-470MHz and 1 690-1 710MHz for space-to-Earth transmissions subject to not causing harmful interference to stations operating in accordance with the Table.
 

5.304

Additional allocation: in the African Broadcasting Area (see Nos. 5.10 to 5.13) the band 606-614MHz is also allocated to the radio astronomy service on a primary basis.
 

5.306

Additional allocation: in Region 1, except in the African Broadcasting Area (see Nos. 5.10 to 5.13), and in Region 3, the band 608-614MHz is also allocated to the radio astronomy service on a secondary basis.
 

5.311A

For the frequency band 620-790MHz, see also Resolution 549 (WRC-07). (WRC-07).
 

5.312A

In Region 1, the use of the band 694-790MHz by the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service is subject to the provisions of Resolution 232 (WRC-12). See also Resolution 224 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.316A

Additional allocation: in Spain, France, Gabon and Malta, the band 790- 830MHz, in Albania, Angola, Bahrain, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Congo (Rep. of the), Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Estonia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Hungary, Iraq, Kuwait, Lesotho, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Morocco, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Uganda, Poland, Qatar, Slovakia, Czech Rep., Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, South Sudan, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Chad, Togo, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe and French overseas departments and communities of Region 1, the band 790-862MHz and in Georgia, the band 806-862MHz, are also allocated to the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service on a primary basis subject to the agreement by the administrations concerned obtained under No. 9.21 and under the GE06 Agreement, as appropriate, including those administrations mentioned in No. 5.312, where appropriate. See Resolutions 224 (Rev.WRC-12) and 749 (Rev.WRC-12). This allocation is effective until 16 June 2015. (WRC-12).
 

5.316B

In Region 1, the allocation to the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service on a primary basis in the frequency band 790-862MHz shall come into effect from 17 June 2015 and shall be subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21 with respect to the aeronautical radio-navigation service in countries mentioned in No. 5.312. For countries party to the GE06 Agreement, the use of stations of the mobile service is also subject to the successful application of the procedures of that Agreement. Resolutions 224 (Rev.WRC-12) and 749 (Rev.WRC-12) shall apply, as appropriate. (WRC-12).
 

5.317A

Those parts of the band 698-960MHz in Region 2 and the band 790-960MHz in Regions 1 and 3 which are allocated to the mobile service on a primary basis are identified for use by administrations wishing to implement International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) – see Resolutions 224 (Rev.WRC-12) and 749 (Rev.WRC-12), as appropriate. This identification does not preclude the use of these bands by any application of the services to which they are allocated and does not establish priority in the Radio Regulations. (WRC-12).
 

5.322

In Region 1, in the band 862-960MHz, stations of the broadcasting service shall be operated only in the African Broadcasting Area (see Nos. 5.10 to 5.13) excluding Algeria, Burundi, Egypt, Spain, Lesotho, Libya, Morocco, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. (WRC-12).
 

5.327A

The use of the frequency band 960-1 164MHz by the aeronautical mobile (R) service is limited to systems that operate in accordance with recognized international aeronautical standards. Such use shall be in accordance with Resolution 417 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.328

The use of the band 960-1 215MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is reserved on a worldwide basis for the operation and development of airborne electronic aids to air navigation and any directly associated ground- based facilities. (WRC-2000).
 

5.328A

Stations in the radio-navigation-satellite service in the band 1 164-1 215MHz shall operate in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 609 (Rev.WRC- 07) and shall not claim protection from stations in the aeronautical radio- navigation service in the band 960-1 215MHz. No. 5.43A does not apply. The provisions of No. 21.18 shall apply. (WRC-07).
 

5.328B

The use of the bands 1 164-1 300MHz, 1 559-1 610MHz and 5 010-5 030MHz by systems and networks in the radio-navigation-satellite service for which complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, is received by the Radio communication Bureau after 1 January 2005 is subject to the application of the provisions of Nos. 9.12, 9.12A and 9.13. Resolution 610 (WRC- 03) shall also apply; however, in the case of radio-navigation-satellite service (space-to-space) networks and systems, Resolution 610 (WRC-03) shall only apply to transmitting space stations. In accordance with No. 5.329A, for systems and networks in the radio-navigation-satellite service (space-to-space) in the bands 1 215-1 300MHz and 1 559-1 610MHz, the provisions of Nos. 9.7, 9.12, 9.12A and 9.13 shall only apply with respect to other systems and networks in the radio- navigation-satellite service (space-to-space). (WRC-07).
 

5.329

Use of the radio-navigation-satellite service in the band 1 215-1 300MHz shall be subject to the condition that no harmful interference is caused to, and no protection is claimed from, the radio-navigation service authorized under No.
 

5.331

. Furthermore, the use of the radio-navigation-satellite service in the band 1 215-1 300MHz shall be subject to the condition that no harmful interference is caused to the radiolocation service. No. 5.43 shall not apply in respect of the radiolocation service. Resolution 608 (WRC-03) shall apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.329A

Use of systems in the radio-navigation-satellite service (space-to-space) operating in the bands 1 215-1 300MHz and 1 559-1 610MHz is not intended to provide safety service applications, and shall not impose any additional constraints on radio-navigation-satellite service (space-to-Earth) systems or on other services operating in accordance with the Table of Frequency Allocations. (WRC-07).
 

5.331

Additional allocation: in Algeria, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, China, Korea (Rep. of), Croatia, Denmark, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Estonia, the Russian Federation, Finland, France, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Lesotho, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Montenegro, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Slovakia, the United Kingdom, Serbia, Slovenia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Venezuela and Viet Nam, the band 1 215-1 300MHz is also allocated to the radio-navigation service on a primary basis. In Canada and the United States, the band 1 240-1 300MHz is also allocated to the radio-navigation service, and use of the radio-navigation service shall be limited to the aeronautical radio- navigation service. (WRC-12).
 

5.332

In the band 1 215-1 260MHz, active space borne sensors in the Earth exploration-satellite and space research services shall not cause harmful interference to, claim protection from, or otherwise impose constraints on operation or development of the radiolocation service, the radio-navigation- satellite service and other services allocated on a primary basis. (WRC-2000).
 

5.335A

In the band 1 260-1 300MHz, active space borne sensors in the Earth exploration-satellite and space research services shall not cause harmful interference to, claim protection from, or otherwise impose constraints on operation or development of the radiolocation service and other services allocated by footnotes on a primary basis. (WRC-2000).
 

5.337

The use of the bands 1 300-1 350MHz, 2 700-2 900MHz and 9 000-9 200MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is restricted to ground-based radars and to associated airborne transponders which transmit only on frequencies in these bands and only when actuated by radars operating in the same band.
 

5.337A

The use of the band 1 300-1 350MHz by earth stations in the radio- navigation-satellite service and by stations in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, nor constrain the operation and development of, the aeronautical-radio-navigation service. (WRC-2000).
 

5.338A

In the bands 1 350-1 400MHz, 1 427-1 452MHz, 22.55-23.55GHz, 30- 31.3GHz, 49.7-50.2GHz, 50.4-50.9GHz, 51.4-52.6GHz, 81-86GHz and 92-94GHz, Resolution 750 (Rev.WRC-12) applies. (WRC-12).
 

5.340.1

The allocation to the Earth exploration-satellite service (passive) and the space research service (passive) in the band 50.2-50.4GHz should not impose undue constraints on the use of the adjacent bands by the primary allocated services in those bands. (WRC-97).
 

5.348

The use of the band 1 518-1 525MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. In the band 1 518-1 525MHz stations in the mobile-satellite service shall not claim protection from the stations in the fixed service. No. 5.43A does not apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.351

The bands 1 525-1 544MHz, 1 545-1 559MHz, 1 626.5-1 645.5MHz and 1 646.5-1 660.5MHz shall not be used for feeder links of any service. In exceptional circumstances, however, an earth station at a specified fixed point in any of the mobile-satellite services may be authorized by an administration to communicate via space stations using these bands.
 

5.354

The use of the bands 1 525-1 559MHz and 1 626.5-1 660.5MHz by the mobile-satellite services is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A.
 

5.357

Transmissions in the band 1 545-1 555MHz from terrestrial aeronautical stations directly to aircraft stations, or between aircraft stations, in the aeronautical mobile (R) service are also authorized when such transmissions are used to extend or supplement the satellite-to-aircraft links.
 

5.357A

In applying the procedures of Section II of Article 9 to the mobile-satellite service in the frequency bands 1 545-1 555 MHz and 1 646.5-1 656.5 MHz, priority shall be given to accommodating the spectrum requirements of the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service providing transmission of messages with priority 1 to 6 in Article 44. Aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service communications with priority 1 to 6 in Article 44 shall have priority access and immediate availability, by pre-emption if necessary, over all other mobile-satellite communications operating within a network. Mobile-satellite systems shall not cause unacceptable interference to, or claim protection from, aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service communications with priority 1 to 6 in Article 44. Account shall be taken of the priority of safety-related communications in the other mobile-satellite services. (The provisions of Resolution 222 (Rev.WRC-12) shall apply.) (WRC-12).
 

5.362B

Additional allocation: The band 1 559-1 610MHz is also allocated to the fixed service on a secondary basis in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Benin, Cameroon, Russian Federation, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Lithuania, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Poland, the Syrian Arab Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkmenistan and Ukraine until 1 January 2015, at which time this allocation shall no longer be valid. Administrations are urged to take all practicable steps to protect the radio- navigation-satellite service and the aeronautical radio-navigation service and not authorize new frequency assignments to fixed-service systems in this band. (WRC-12).
 

5.364

The use of the band 1 610-1 626.5MHz by the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) and by the radio-determination-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. A mobile earth station operating in either of the services in this band shall not produce a peak e.i.r.p. density in excess of −15 dB (W/4kHz) in the part of the band used by systems operating in accordance with the provisions of No. 5.366 (to which No. 4.10 applies), unless otherwise agreed by the affected administrations. In the part of the band where such systems are not operating, the mean e.i.r.p. density of a mobile earth station shall not exceed –3 dB (W/4kHz). Stations of the mobile-satellite service shall not claim protection from stations in the aeronautical radio-navigation service, stations operating in accordance with the provisions of No. 5.366 and stations in the fixed service operating in accordance with the provisions of No. 5.359. Administrations responsible for the coordination of mobile-satellite networks shall make all practicable efforts to ensure protection of stations operating in accordance with the provisions of No. 5.366.
 

5.365

The use of the band 1 613.8-1 626.5MHz by the mobile-satellite service (space-to-Earth) is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A.
 

5.366

The band 1 610-1 626.5MHz is reserved on a worldwide basis for the use and development of airborne electronic aids to air navigation and any directly associated ground-based or satellite-borne facilities. Such satellite use is subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.367

Additional allocation: The frequency band 1 610-1 626.5 MHz is also allocated to the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. (WRC-12).
 

5.368

With respect to the radio-determination-satellite and mobile-satellite services the provisions of No. 4.10 do not apply in the band 1 610-1 626.5MHz, with the exception of the aeronautical radio-navigation-satellite service.
 

5.371

Additional allocation: in Region 1, the band 1 610-1 626.5MHz (Earth-to- space) is also allocated to the radio-determination-satellite service on a secondary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. (WRC-12).
 

5.372

Harmful interference shall not be caused to stations of the radio astronomy service using the band 1 610.6-1 613.8 MHz by stations of the radio- determination-satellite and mobile-satellite services (No. 29.13 applies).
 

5.374

Mobile earth stations in the mobile-satellite service operating in the bands 1 631.5-1 634.5MHz and 1 656.5-1 660MHz shall not cause harmful interference to stations in the fixed service operating in the countries listed in No. 5.359. (WRC-97).
 

5.375

The use of the band 1 645.5-1 646.5MHz by the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) and for inter-satellite links is limited to distress and safety communications (see Article 31).
 

5.376

Transmissions in the band 1 646.5-1 656.5MHz from aircraft stations in the aeronautical mobile (R) service directly to terrestrial aeronautical stations, or between aircraft stations, are also authorized when such transmissions are used to extend or supplement the aircraft-to-satellite links.
 

5.376A

Mobile earth stations operating in the band 1 660-1 660.5MHz shall not cause harmful interference to stations in the radio astronomy service. (WRC-97).
 

5.379

Additional allocation: in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Pakistan, the band 1 660.5-1 668.4MHz is also allocated to the meteorological aids service on a secondary basis.
 

5.379A

Administrations are urged to give all practicable protection in the band 1 660.5-1 668.4 MHz for future research in radio astronomy, particularly by eliminating air-to-ground transmissions in the meteorological aids service in the band 1 664.4-1 668.4MHz as soon as practicable.
 

5.379B

The use of the band 1 668-1 675MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. In the band 1 668-1 668.4 MHz, Resolution 904 (WRC-07) shall apply. (WRC-07).
 

5.379C

In order to protect the radio astronomy service in the band 1 668-1 670MHz, the aggregate power flux density values produced by mobile earth stations in a network of the mobile-satellite service operating in this band shall not exceed –181 dB (W/m2) in 10MHz and −194 dB(W/m2) in any 20kHz at any radio astronomy station recorded in the Master International Frequency Register, for more than 2% of integration periods of 2 000s. (WRC-03).
 

5.379D

For sharing of the band 1 668.4-1 675MHz between the mobile-satellite service and the fixed and mobile services, Resolution 744 (Rev.WRC-07) shall apply. (WRC-07).
 

5.384A

The bands, or portions of the bands, 1 710-1 885MHz, 2 300-2 400MHz and 2 500-2 690 MHz, are identified for use by administrations wishing to implement International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) in accordance with Resolution 223 (Rev.WRC-07)*. This identification does not preclude the use of these bands by any application of the services to which they are allocated and does not establish priority in the Radio Regulations. (WRC-07).
 

5.385

Additional allocation: the band 1 718.8-1 722.2MHz is also allocated to the radio astronomy service on a secondary basis for spectral line observations. (WRC-2000).
 

5.387

Additional allocation: in Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, the band 1 770-1 790MHz is also allocated to the meteorological-satellite service on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.(WRC-12).
 

5.388

The bands 1 885-2 025MHz and 2 110-2 200MHz are intended for use, on a worldwide basis, by administrations wishing to implement International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT). Such use does not preclude the use of these bands by other services to which they are allocated. The bands should be made available for IMT in accordance with Resolution 212 (Rev.WRC-07) (See also Resolution 223 (Rev.WRC-07)*). (WRC-12).
 

5.388A

In Regions 1 and 3, the bands 1 885-1 980MHz, 2 010-2 025MHz and 2 110-2 170MHz and, in Region 2, the bands 1 885-1 980MHz and 2 110-2 160MHz may be used by high altitude platform stations as base stations to provide International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT), in accordance with Resolution 221 (Rev.WRC-07).Their use by IMT applications using high altitude platform stations as base stations does not preclude the use of these bands by any station in the services to which they are allocated and does not establish priority in the Radio Regulations. (WRC-12).
 

5.388B

In Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, China, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Nigeria, Oman, Uganda, Pakistan, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, Senegal, Singapore, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, Chad, Togo, Tunisia, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe, for the purpose of protecting fixed and mobile services, including IMT mobile stations, in their territories from co-channel interference, a high altitude platform station (HAPS) operating as an IMT base station in neighbouring countries, in the bands referred to in No. 5.388A, shall not exceed a co-channel power flux-density of −127 dB(W/(m2 ·MHz)) at the Earth’s surface outside a country’s borders unless explicit agreement of the affected administration is provided at the time of the notification of HAPS. (WRC-12).
 

5.389A

The use of the bands 1 980-2 010MHz and 2 170-2 200MHz by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A and to the provisions of Resolution 716 (Rev.WRC-2000)*. (WRC-07).
 

5.389C

The use of the bands 2 010-2 025MHz and 2 160-2 170MHz in Region 2 by the mobile-satellite service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A and to the provisions of Resolution 716 (Rev.WRC-2000)*. (WRC-07).
 

5.389E

The use of the bands 2 010-2 025MHz and 2 160-2 170MHz by the mobile-satellite service in Region 2 shall not cause harmful interference to or constrain the development of the fixed and mobile services in Regions 1 and 3.
 

5.391

In making assignments to the mobile service in the bands 2 025-2 110MHz and 2 200-2 290MHz, administrations shall not introduce high-density mobile systems, as described in Recommendation ITU-R SA.1154, and shall take that Recommendation into account for the introduction of any other type of mobile system. (WRC-97).
 

5.392

Administrations are urged to take all practicable measures to ensure that space-to-space transmissions between two or more non-geostationary satellites, in the space research, space operations and Earth exploration-satellite services in the bands 2 025-2 110 MHz and 2 200-2 290 MHz, shall not impose any constraints on Earth-to-space, space-to-Earth and other space-to-space transmissions of those services and in those bands between geostationary and non-geostationary satellites.
 

5.396

Space stations of the broadcasting-satellite service in the band 2 310-2 360MHz operating in accordance with No. 5.393 that may affect the services to which this band is allocated in other countries shall be coordinated and notified in accordance with Resolution 33 (Rev.WRC-97)*. Complementary terrestrial broadcasting stations shall be subject to bilateral coordination with neighbouring countries prior to their bringing into use.
 

5.398

In respect of the radio-determination-satellite service in the band 2 483.5-2 500MHz, the provisions of No. 4.10 do not apply.
 

5.402

The use of the band 2 483.5-2 500MHz by the mobile-satellite and the radio-determination-satellite services is subject to the coordination under No. 9.11A. Administrations are urged to take all practicable steps to prevent harmful interference to the radio astronomy service from emissions in the 2 483.5-2 500MHz band, especially those caused by second-harmonic radiation that would fall into the 4 990-5 000 MHz band allocated to the radio astronomy service worldwide.
 

5.403

Subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21, the band 2 520-2 535MHz may also be used for the mobile-satellite (space-to-Earth), except aeronautical mobile-satellite, service for operation limited to within national boundaries. The provisions of No. 9.11A apply. (WRC-07).
 

5.407

In the band 2 500-2 520MHz, the power flux-density at the surface of the Earth from space stations operating in the mobile-satellite (space-to-Earth) service shall not exceed –152 dB(W/(m2 ⋅ 4kHz)) in Argentina, unless otherwise agreed by the administrations concerned..
 

5.410

The band 2 500-2 690MHz may be used for tropospheric scatter systems in Region 1, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. No. 9.21 does not apply to tropospheric scatter links situated entirely outside Region 1. Administrations shall make all practicable efforts to avoid developing new tropospheric scatter systems in this band. When planning new tropospheric scatter radio-relay links in this band, all possible measures shall be taken to avoid directing the antennas of these links towards the geostationary-satellite orbit. (WRC-12).
 

5.413

In the design of systems in the broadcasting-satellite service in the bands between 2 500 MHz and 2 690 MHz, administrations are urged to take all necessary steps to protect the radio astronomy service in the band 2 690-2 700MHz.
 

5.414

The allocation of the frequency band 2 500-2 520MHz to the mobile- satellite service (space-to-Earth) is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. (WRC-07).
 

5.416

The use of the band 2 520-2 670MHz by the broadcasting-satellite service is limited to national and regional systems for community reception, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. The provisions of No. 9.19 shall be applied by administrations in this band in their bilateral and multilateral negotiations. (WRC-07).
 

5.417C

Use of the band 2 605-2 630MHz by non-geostationary-satellite systems in the broadcasting-satellite service (sound), pursuant to No. 5.417A, for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, has been received after 4 July 2003, is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.12. (WRC-03).
 

5.417D

Use of the band 2 605-2 630MHz by geostationary-satellite networks for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, has been received after 4 July 2003 is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.13 with respect to non-geostationary-satellite systems in the broadcasting-satellite service (sound), pursuant to No. 5.417A, and No. 22.2 does not apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.418B

Use of the band 2 630-2 655MHz by non-geostationary-satellite systems in the broadcasting-satellite service (sound), pursuant to No. 5.418, for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, has been received after 2 June 2000, is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.12. (WRC-03).
 

5.418C

Use of the band 2 630-2 655MHz by geostationary-satellite networks for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, has been received after 2 June 2000 is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.13 with respect to non-geostationary-satellite systems in the broadcasting-satellite service (sound), pursuant to No. 5.418 and No. 22.2 does not apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.419

When introducing systems of the mobile-satellite service in the band 2 670- 2 690MHz, administrations shall take all necessary steps to protect the satellite systems operating in this band prior to 3 March 1992. The coordination of mobile- satellite systems in the band shall be in accordance with No. 9.11A. (WRC-07).
 

5.420

The band 2 655-2 670MHz may also be used for the mobile-satellite (Earth-to-space), except aeronautical mobile-satellite, service for operation limited to within national boundaries, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. The coordination under No. 9.11A applies. (WRC-07).
 

5.422

Additional allocation: in Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Brunei Darussalam, Congo (Rep. of the), Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, Kyrgyzstan, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Romania, Somalia, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Yemen, the band 2 690-2 700MHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services on a primary basis. Such use is limited to equipment in operation by 1 January 1985. (WRC-12).
 

5.423

In the band 2 700-2 900MHz, ground-based radars used for meteorological purposes are authorized to operate on a basis of equality with stations of the aeronautical radio-navigation service.
 

5.425

In the band 2 900-3 100MHz, the use of the ship borne interrogator- transponder (SIT) system shall be confined to the sub-band 2 930 -2 950MHz.
 

5.426

The use of the band 2 900-3 100MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to ground-based radars.
 

5.427

In the bands 2 900-3 100MHz and 9 300-9 500MHz, the response from radar transponders shall not be capable of being confused with the response from radar beacons (racons) and shall not cause interference to ship or aeronautical radars in the radio-navigation service, having regard, however, to No. 4.9.
 

5.438

Use of the band 4 200-4 400MHz by the aeronautical radionavigation service is reserved exclusively for radio altimeters installed on board aircraft and for the associated transponders on the ground. However, passive sensing in the Earth exploration-satellite and space research services may be authorized in this band on a secondary basis (no protection is provided by the radio altimeters).
 

5.440

The standard frequency and time signal-satellite service may be authorized to use the frequency 4 202 MHz for space-to-Earth transmissions and the frequency 6 427MHz for Earth-to-space transmissions. Such transmissions shall be confined within the limits of •} 2 MHz of these frequencies, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.441

The use of the bands 4 500-4 800MHz (space-to-Earth), 6 725-7 025MHz (Earth-to-space) by the fixed-satellite service shall be in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 30B. The use of the bands 10.7-10.95 GHz (space-to- Earth), 11.2-11.45GHz (space-to-Earth) and 12.75-13.25GHz (Earth-to-space) by geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service shall be in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 30B. The use of the bands 10.7-10.95GHz (space- to-Earth), 11.2-11.45GHz (space-to-Earth) and 12.75-13.25GHz (Earth-to-space) by a non-geostationary-satellite system in the fixed-satellite service is subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.12 for coordination with other non- geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service. Non-geostationary- satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service shall not claim protection from geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations, irrespective of the dates of receipt by the Bureau of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service and of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the geostationary-satellite networks, and No. 5.43A does not apply. Non- geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service in the above bands shall be operated in such a way that any unacceptable interference that may occur during their operation shall be rapidly eliminated. (WRC-2000).
 

5.443AA

In the frequency bands 5 000-5 030MHz and 5 091-5 150MHz, the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service is subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. The use of these bands by the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service is limited to internationally standardized aeronautical systems. (WRC-12).
 

5.443B

In order not to cause harmful interference to the microwave landing system operating above 5 030MHz, the aggregate power flux-density produced at the Earth’s surface in the band 5 030-5 150MHz by all the space stations within any radio-navigation-satellite service system (space-to-Earth) operating in the band 5 010-5 030MHz shall not exceed 124.5 dB (W/m2) in a 150kHz band. In order not to cause harmful interference to the radio astronomy service in the band 4 990-5 000MHz, radio-navigation-satellite service systems operating in the band 5 010-5 030MHz shall comply with the limits in the band 4 990-5 000MHz defined in Resolution 741 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.443C

The use of the frequency band 5 030-5 091MHz by the aeronautical mobile (R) service is limited to internationally standardized aeronautical systems. Unwanted emissions from the aeronautical mobile (R) service in the frequency band 5 030-5 091MHz shall be limited to protect RNSS system downlinks in the adjacent 5 010-5 030MHz band. Until such time that an appropriate value is established in a relevant ITU-R Recommendation, the e.i.r.p. density limit of 75 dBW/MHz in the frequency band 5 010-5 030 MHz for any AM(R)S station unwanted emission should be used. (WRC-12).
 

5.443D

In the frequency band 5 030-5 091MHz, the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The use of this frequency band by the aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service is limited to internationally standardized aeronautical systems. (WRC-12).
 

5.444

The frequency band 5 030-5 150MHz is to be used for the operation of the international standard system (microwave landing system) for precision approach and landing. In the frequency band 5 030-5 091MHz, the requirements of this system shall have priority over other uses of this band. For the use of the frequency band 5 091- 5 150MHz, No. 5.444A and Resolution 114 (Rev.WRC-12) apply. (WRC-12).
 

5.444A

Additional allocation: the band 5 091-5 150MHz is also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) on a primary basis. This allocation is limited to feeder links of non-geostationary satellite systems in the mobile satellite service and is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A.In the band 5 091-5 150MHz, the following conditions also apply: – prior to 1 January 2018, the use of the band 5 091-5 150MHz by feeder links of non-geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service shall be made in accordance with Resolution 114 (Rev.WRC-03)*; – after 1 January 2016, no new assignments shall be made to earth stations providing feeder links of non-geostationary mobile-satellite systems; – after 1 January 2018, the fixed-satellite service will become secondary to the aeronautical radio-navigation service. (WRC-07).
 

5.444B

The use of the frequency band 5 091-5 150MHz by the aeronautical mobile service is limited to: – systems operating in the aeronautical mobile (R) service and in accordance with international aeronautical standards, limited to surface applications at airports. Such use shall be in accordance with Resolution 748 (Rev.WRC-12); – aeronautical telemetry transmissions from aircraft stations (see No. 1.83) in accordance with Resolution 418 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.446

Additional allocation: in the countries listed in No. 5.369, the band 5 150-5 216MHz is also allocated to the radio determination-satellite service (space-to- Earth) on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. In Region 2, the band is also allocated to the radio-determination-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a primary basis. In Regions 1 and 3, except those countries listed in No. 5.369 and Bangladesh, the band is also allocated to the radio- determination-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a secondary basis. The use by the radio-determination-satellite service is limited to feeder links in conjunction with the radio-determination-satellite service operating in the bands 1 610-1 626.5MHz and/or 2 483.5-2 500MHz. The total power flux-density at the Earth’s surface shall in no case exceed -159 dB (W/m2) in any 4kHz band for all angles of arrival. (WRC-12).
 

5.446A

The use of the bands 5 150-5 350MHz and 5 470-5 725MHz by the stations in the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service shall be in accordance with Resolution 229 (Rev.WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.446B

In the band 5 150-5 250MHz, stations in the mobile service shall not claim protection from earth stations in the fixed-satellite service. No. 5.43A does not apply to the mobile service with respect to fixed-satellite service earth stations. (WRC-03).
 

5.446C

Additional allocation: in Region 1 (except in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, Sudan, South Sudan and Tunisia) and in Brazil, the band 5 150-5 250MHz is also allocated to the aeronautical mobile service on a primary basis, limited to aeronautical telemetry transmissions from aircraft stations (see No. 1.83), in accordance with Resolution 418 (Rev.WRC-12). These stations shall not claim protection from other stations operating in accordance with Article 5. No. 5.43A does not apply. (WRC-12).
 

5.447A

The allocation to the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) in the band 5 150-5 250MHz is limited to feeder links of non-geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service and is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A.
 

5.447B

Additional allocation: the band 5 150-5 216MHz is also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a primary basis. This allocation is limited to feeder links of non-geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service and is subject to provisions of No. 9.11A. The power flux-density at the Earth’s surface produced by space stations of the fixed-satellite service operating in the space-to-Earth direction in the band 5 150-5 216MHz shall in no case exceed –164 dB(W/m2) in any 4kHz band for all angles of arrival.
 

5.447C

Administrations responsible for fixed-satellite service networks in the band 5 150-5 250MHz operated under Nos. 5.447A and 5.447B shall coordinate on an equal basis in accordance with No. 9.11A with administrations responsible for non-geostationary-satellite networks operated under No. 5.446 and brought into use prior to 17 November 1995. Satellite networks operated under No. 5.446 brought into use after 17 November 1995 shall not claim protection from, and shall not cause harmful interference to, stations of the fixed-satellite service operated under Nos. 5.447A and 5.447B.
 

5.447D

The allocation of the band 5 250-5 255MHz to the space research service on a primary basis is limited to active space borne sensors. Other uses of the band by the space research service are on a secondary basis. (WRC-97).
 

5.447F

In the band 5 250-5 350MHz, stations in the mobile service shall not claim protection from the radiolocation service, the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and the space research service (active). These services shall not impose on the mobile service more stringent protection criteria, based on system characteristics and interference criteria, than those stated in Recommendations ITU-R M.1638 and ITU-R RS.1632. (WRC-03).
 

5.448A

The Earth exploration-satellite (active) and space research (active) services in the frequency band 5 250- 5 350MHz shall not claim protection from the radiolocation service. No. 5.43A does not apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.448B

The Earth exploration-satellite service (active) operating in the band 5 350-5 570MHz and space research service (active) operating in the band 5 460-5 570 MHz shall not cause harmful interference to the aeronautical radio- navigation service in the band 5 350-5 460MHz, the radio-navigation service in the band 5 460-5 470MHz and the maritime radio-navigation service in the band 5 470-5 570MHz. (WRC-03).
 

5.448C

The space research service (active) operating in the band 5 350-5 460MHz shall not cause harmful interference to nor claim protection from other services to which this band is allocated. (WRC-03).
 

5.448D

In the frequency band 5 350-5 470MHz, stations in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from, radar systems in the aeronautical radio-navigation service operating in accordance with No. 5.449. (WRC-03).
 

5.449

The use of the band 5 350-5 470MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to airborne radars and associated airborne beacons.
 

5.450A

In the band 5 470-5 725MHz, stations in the mobile service shall not claim protection from radio-determination services. Radio-determination services shall not impose on the mobile service more stringent protection criteria, based on system characteristics and interference criteria, than those stated in Recommendation ITU-R M.1638. (WRC-03).
 

5.450B

In the frequency band 5 470-5 650MHz, stations in the radiolocation service, except ground-based radars used for meteorological purposes in the band 5 600-5 650 MHz, shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from, radar systems in the maritime radio-navigation service. (WRC-03).
 

5.452

Between 5 600 MHz and 5 650 MHz, ground-based radars used for meteorological purposes are authorized to operate on a basis of equality with stations of the maritime radio-navigation service.
 

5.453

Additional allocation: in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, China, Congo (Rep. of the), Korea (Rep. of), Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Uganda, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Chad, Thailand, Togo, Viet Nam and Yemen, the band 5 650-5 850MHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. In this case, the provisions of Resolution 229 (Rev.WRC-12) do not apply. (WRC-12).
 

5.457

In Australia, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali and Nigeria, the allocation to the fixed service in the bands 6 440-6 520MHz (HAPS-to-ground direction) and 6 560-6 640MHz (ground-to-HAPS direction) may also be used by gateway links for high-altitude platform stations (HAPS) within the territory of these countries. Such use is limited to operation in HAPS gateway links and shall not cause harmful interference to, and shall not claim protection from, existing services, and shall be in compliance with Resolution 150 (WRC-12). Existing services shall not be constrained in future development by HAPS gateway links. The use of HAPS gateway links in these bands requires explicit agreement with other administrations whose territories are located within 1 000 kilometres from the border of an administration intending to use the HAPS gateway links. (WRC-12).
 

5.457A

In the bands 5 925-6 425MHz and 14-14.5GHz, earth stations located on board vessels may communicate with space stations of the fixed-satellite service. Such use shall be in accordance with Resolution 902 (WRC-03). (WRC-03).
 

5.458

In the band 6 425-7 075MHz, passive microwave sensor measurements are carried out over the oceans. In the band 7 075-7 250MHz, passive microwave sensor measurements are carried out. Administrations should bear in mind the needs of the Earth exploration-satellite (passive) and space research (passive) services in their future planning of the bands 6 425-7 075MHz and 7 075-7 250MHz.
 

5.458A

In making assignments in the band 6 700-7 075MHz to space stations of the fixed-satellite service, administrations are urged to take all practicable steps to protect spectral line observations of the radio astronomy service in the band 6 650-6 675.2MHz from harmful interference from unwanted emissions.
 

5.458B

The space-to-Earth allocation to the fixed-satellite service in the band 6 700-7 075MHz is limited to feeder links for non-geostationary satellite systems of the mobile-satellite service and is subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The use of the band 6 700-7 075 MHz (space-to-Earth) by feeder links for non- geostationary satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service is not subject to No. 22.2.
 

5.458C

Administrations making submissions in the band 7 025-7 075MHz (Earth- to-space) for geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service after 17 November 1995 shall consult on the basis of relevant ITU-R Recommendations with the administrations that have notified and brought into use non- geostationary-satellite systems in this frequency band before 18 November 1995 upon request of the latter administrations. This consultation shall be with a view to facilitating shared operation of both geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service and non-geostationary-satellite systems in this band.
 

5.460

The use of the band 7 145-7 190MHz by the space research service (Earth- to-space) is restricted to deep space; no emissions to deep space shall be effected in the band 7 190-7 235MHz. Geostationary satellites in the space research service operating in the band 7 190-7 235MHz shall not claim protection from existing and future stations of the fixed and mobile services and No. 5.43A does not apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.461

Additional allocation: the bands 7 250-7 375MHz (space-to-Earth) and 7 900-8 025MHz (Earth-to-space) are also allocated to the mobile-satellite service on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.461

Additional allocation: the bands 7 250-7 375MHz (space-to-Earth) and 7 900-8 025MHz (Earth-to-space) are also allocated to the mobile-satellite service on a primary basis, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21.
 

5.461B

The use of the band 7 750-7 900MHz by the meteorological-satellite service (space-to-Earth) is limited to non-geostationary satellite systems. (WRC-12).
 

5.462A

In Regions 1 and 3 (except for Japan), in the band 8 025-8 400MHz, the Earth exploration-satellite service using geostationary satellites shall not produce a power flux-density in excess of the following values for angles of arrival (θ), without the consent of the affected administration: •135 dB(W/m2) in a 1MHz band for 0° ≤ θ < 5° •135 + 0.5 (θ-5) dB(W/m2) in a 1MHz band for 5° ≤ θ < 5° •125 dB(W/m2) in a 1MHz band for 25° ≤ θ ≤ 90° (WRC-12).
 

5.463

Aircraft stations are not permitted to transmit in the band 8 025-8 400MHz. (WRC-97).
 

5.465

In the space research service, the use of the band 8 400-8 450MHz is limited to deep space.
 

5.468

Additional allocation: in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Burundi, Cameroon, China, Congo (Rep. of the), Costa Rica, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Uganda, Pakistan, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Chad, Togo, Tunisia and Yemen, the band 8 500-8 750MHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.469A

In the band 8 550-8 650MHz, stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and space research service (active) shall not cause harmful interference to, or constrain the use and development of, stations of the radiolocation service. (WRC-97).
 

5.470

The use of the band 8 750-8 850MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to airborne Doppler navigation aids on a centre frequency of 8 800MHz.
 

5.472

In the bands 8 850-9 000MHz and 9 200-9 225MHz, the maritime radio- navigation service is limited to shore-based radars.
 

5.473A

In the band 9 000-9 200MHz, stations operating in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from, systems identified in No. 5.337 operating in the aeronautical radio-navigation service, or radar systems in the maritime radio-navigation service operating in this band on a primary basis in the countries listed in No. 5.471. (WRC-07).
 

5.474

In the band 9 200-9 500MHz, search and rescue transponders (SART) may be used, having due regard to the appropriate ITU-R Recommendation (see also Article 31).
 

5.475

The use of the band 9 300-9 500MHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to airborne weather radars and ground-based radars. In addition, ground-based radar beacons in the aeronautical radio-navigation service are permitted in the band 9 300-9 320 MHz on condition that harmful interference is not caused to the maritime radio-navigation service. (WRC-07).
 

5.475A

The use of the band 9 300-9 500MHz by the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and the space research service (active) is limited to systems requiring necessary bandwidth greater than 300 MHz that cannot be fully accommodated within the 9 500-9 800MHz band. (WRC-07).
 

5.475B

In the band 9 300-9 500MHz, stations operating in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from, radars operating in the radio-navigation service in conformity with the Radio Regulations. Ground-based radars used for meteorological purposes have priority over other radiolocation uses. (WRC-07).
 

5.476A

In the band 9 300-9 800MHz, stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and space research service (active) shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from, stations of the radio-navigation and radiolocation services. (WRC-07).
 

5.477

Different category of service: in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, and Yemen, the allocation of the band 9 800-10 000MHz to the fixed service is on a primary basis (see No. 5.33). (WRC-12).
 

5.478A

The use of the band 9 800-9 900MHz by the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and the space research service (active) is limited to systems requiring necessary bandwidth greater than 500 MHz that cannot be fully accommodated within the 9 300-9 800MHz band. (WRC-07).
 

5.478B

In the band 9 800-9 900MHz, stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and space research service (active) shall not cause harmful interference to, nor claim protection from stations of the fixed service to which this band is allocated on a secondary basis. (WRC-07).
 

5.479

The band 9 975-10 025MHz is also allocated to the meteorological-satellite service on a secondary basis for use by weather radars.
 

5.481

Additional allocation: in Germany, Angola, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, El Salvador, Ecuador, Spain, Guatemala, Hungary, Japan, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Oman, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Romania, Tanzania, Thailand and Uruguay, the band 10.45-10.5GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.482

In the band 10.6-10.68GHz, the power delivered to the antenna of stations of the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services shall not exceed - 3 dBW. This limit may be exceeded, subject to agreement obtained under No. 9.21. However, in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Moldova, Nigeria, Oman, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Singapore, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan and Viet Nam, this restriction on the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services is not applicable. (WRC-07).
 

5.482A

For sharing of the band 10.6-10.68GHz between the Earth exploration- satellite (passive) service and the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services, Resolution 751 (WRC-07) applies. (WRC-07).
 

5.484

In Region 1, the use of the band 10.7-11.7GHz by the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service.
 

5.484A

The use of the bands 10.95-11.2GHz (space-to-Earth), 11.45-11.7GHz (space-to-Earth), 11.7-12.2 GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 2, 12.2-12.75 GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 3, 12.5-12.75GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, 13.75- 14.5GHz (Earth-to-space), 17.8-18.6GHz (space-to-Earth), 19.7-20.2GHz (space- to-Earth), 27.5-28.6GHz (Earth-to-space), 29.5-30GHz (Earth-to-space) by a non- geostationary-satellite system in the fixed-satellite service is subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.12 for coordination with other non- geostationary-satellite systems is the fixed-satellite service. Non-geostationary- satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service shall not claim protection from geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations, irrespective of the dates of receipt by the Bureau of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service and of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the geostationary-satellite networks, and No. 5.43A does not apply. Non- geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service in the above bands shall be operated in such a way that any unacceptable interference that may occur during their operation shall be rapidly eliminated. (WRC-2000).
 

5.487

In the band 11.7-12.5GHz in Regions 1 and 3, the fixed, fixed-satellite, mobile, except aeronautical mobile, and broadcasting services, in accordance with their respective allocations, shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, broadcasting-satellite stations operating in accordance with the Regions 1 and 3 Plan in Appendix 30. (WRC-03).
 

5.487A

Additional allocation: in Region 1, the band 11.7-12.5GHz, in Region 2, the band 12.2-12.7GHz and, in Region 3, the band 11.7-12.2GHz, are also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a primary basis, limited to non- geostationary systems and subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.12 for coordination with other non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service. Non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service shall not claim protection from geostationary-satellite networks in the broadcasting- satellite service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations, irrespective of the dates of receipt by the Bureau of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service and of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the geostationary-satellite networks, and No.
 

5.43A

does not apply. Non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service in the above bands shall be operated in such a way that any unacceptable interference that may occur during their operation shall be rapidly eliminated. (WRC-03).
 

5.488

The use of the band 11.7-12.2GHz by geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service in Region 2 is subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.14 for coordination with stations of terrestrial services in Regions 1, 2 and 3. For the use of the band 12.2-12.7GHz by the broadcasting-satellite service in Region 2, see Appendix 30. (WRC-03).
 

5.488

The use of the band 11.7-12.2GHz by geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service in Region 2 is subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.14 for coordination with stations of terrestrial services in Regions 1, 2 and 3. For the use of the band 12.2-12.7GHz by the broadcasting-satellite service in Region 2, see Appendix 30. (WRC-03).
 

5.492

Assignments to stations of the broadcasting-satellite service which are in conformity with the appropriate regional Plan or included in the Regions 1 and 3 List in Appendix 30 may also be used for transmissions in the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth), provided that such transmissions do not cause more interference, or require more protection from interference, than the broadcasting-satellite service transmissions operating in conformity with the Plan or the List, as appropriate. (WRC-2000).
 

5.494

Additional allocation: in Algeria, Angola, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Cameroon, the Central African Rep., Congo (Rep. of the), Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Morocco, Mongolia, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Togo and Yemen, the band 12.5-12.75GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.496

Additional allocation: in Austria, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan, the band 12.5-12.75GHz is also allocated to the fixed service and the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service on a primary basis. However, stations in these services shall not cause harmful interference to fixed-satellite service earth stations of countries in Region 1 other than those listed in this footnote. Coordination of these earth stations is not required with stations of the fixed and mobile services of the countries listed in this footnote. The power flux-density limit at the Earth’s surface given in Table 21-4 of Article 21, for the fixed-satellite service shall apply on the territory of the countries listed in this footnote. (WRC-2000).
 

5.497

The use of the band 13.25-13.4GHz by the aeronautical radio-navigation service is limited to Doppler navigation aids.
 

5.498A

The Earth exploration-satellite (active) and space research (active) services operating in the band 13.25- 13.4 GHz shall not cause harmful interference to, or constrain the use and development of, the aeronautical radio- navigation service. (WRC-97).
 

5.500

Additional allocation: in Algeria, Angola, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, Singapore, Sudan, South Sudan, Chad and Tunisia, the band 13.4-14GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. In Pakistan, the band 13.4-13.75 GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.501A

The allocation of the band 13.4-13.75GHz to the space research service on a primary basis is limited to active space borne sensors. Other uses of the band by the space research service are on a secondary basis. (WRC-97).
 

5.501B

In the band 13.4-13.75GHz, the Earth exploration-satellite (active) and space research (active) services shall not cause harmful interference to, or constrain the use and development of, the radiolocation service. (WRC-97).
 

5.502

In the band 13.75-14GHz, an earth station of a geostationary fixed-satellite service network shall have a minimum antenna diameter of 1.2 m and an earth station of a non-geostationary fixed-satellite service system shall have a minimum antenna diameter of 4.5 m. In addition, the e.i.r.p., averaged over one second, radiated by a station in the radiolocation or radio-navigation services shall not exceed 59 dBW for elevation angles above 2° and 65 dBW at lower angles. Before an administration brings into use an earth station in a geostationary-satellite network in the fixed-satellite service in this band with an antenna diameter smaller than 4.5 m, it shall ensure that the power flux-density produced by this earth station does not exceed: – –115 dB (W/(m2 · 10MHz)) for more than 1% of the time produced at 36 m above sea level at the low water mark, as officially recognized by the coastal State; – –115 dB(W/(m2 · 10MHz)) for more than 1% of the time produced 3 m above ground at the border of the territory of an administration deploying or planning to deploy land mobile radars in this band, unless prior agreement has been obtained. For earth stations within the fixed-satellite service having an antenna diameter greater than or equal to 4.5 m, the e.i.r.p. of any emission should be at least 68 dBW and should not exceed 85 dBW. (WRC-03).
 

5.503

In the band 13.75-14 GHz, geostationary space stations in the space research service for which information for advance publication has been received by the Bureau prior to 31 January 1992 shall operate on an equal basis with stations in the fixed-satellite service; after that date, new geostationary space stations in the space research service will operate on a secondary basis. Until those geostationary space stations in the space research service for which information for advance publication has been received by the Bureau prior to 31 January 1992 cease to operate in this band: – in the band 13.77-13.78GHz, the e.i.r.p. density of emissions from any earth station in the fixed satellite service operating with a space station in geostationary-satellite orbit shall not exceed: i) 4.7D + 28 dB(W/40kHz), where D is the fixed-satellite service earth station antenna diameter (m) for antenna diameters equal to or greater than 1.2 m and less than 4.5 m; ii) 49.2 + 20 log(D/4.5) dB(W/40kHz), where D is the fixed-satellite service earth station antenna diameter (m) for antenna diameters equal to or greater than 4.5 m and less than 31.9 m; iii) 66.2 dB(W/40kHz) for any fixed-satellite service earth station for antenna diameters (m) equal to or greater than 31.9 m; iv) 56.2 dB(W/4kHz) for narrow-band (less than 40kHz of necessary bandwidth) fixed satellite service earth station emissions from any fixed-satellite service earth station having an antenna diameter of 4.5 m or greater; – the e.i.r.p. density of emissions from any earth station in the fixed-satellite service operating with a space station in non-geostationary-satellite orbit shall not exceed 51 dBW in the 6MHz band from 13.772 to 13.778GHz. Automatic power control may be used to increase the e.i.r.p. density in these frequency ranges to compensate for rain attenuation, to the extent that the power flux- density at the fixed-satellite service space station does not exceed the value resulting from use by an earth station of an e.i.r.p. meeting the above limits in clear-sky conditions. (WRC-03).
 

5.504

The use of the band 14-14.3GHz by the radio-navigation service shall be such as to provide sufficient protection to space stations of the fixed-satellite service.
 

5.504A

In the band 14-14.5 GHz, aircraft earth stations in the secondary aeronautical mobile-satellite service may also communicate with space stations in the fixed-satellite service. The provisions of Nos. 5.29, 5.30 and 5.31 apply. (WRC-03).
 

5.504C

In the band 14-14.25 GHz, the power flux-density produced on the territory of the countries of Saudi Arabia, Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Guinea, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Nigeria, Oman, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia by any aircraft earth station in the aeronautical mobile-satellite service shall not exceed the limits given in Annex 1, Part B of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643, unless otherwise specifically agreed by the affected administration(s). The provisions of this footnote in no way derogate the obligations of the aeronautical mobile-satellite service to operate as a secondary service in accordance with No. 5.29. (WRC-12).
 

5.506

The band 14-14.5GHz may be used, within the fixed-satellite service (Earth- to-space), for feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service, subject to coordination with other networks in the fixed-satellite service. Such use of feeder links is reserved for countries outside Europe.
 

5.506A

In the band 14-14.5GHz, ship earth stations with an e.i.r.p. greater than 21 dBW shall operate under the same conditions as earth stations located on board vessels, as provided in Resolution 902 (WRC-03). This footnote shall not apply to ship earth stations for which the complete Appendix 4 information has been received by the Bureau prior to 5 July 2003. (WRC-03).
 

5.506B

Earth stations located on board vessels communicating with space stations in the fixed-satellite service may operate in the frequency band 14-14.5GHz without the need for prior agreement from Cyprus, Greece and Malta, within the minimum distance given in Resolution 902 (WRC-03) from these countries. (WRC-03).
 

5.508A

In the band 14.25-14.3GHz, the power flux-density produced on the territory of the countries of Saudi Arabia, Botswana, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, France, Guinea, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Kuwait, Nigeria, Oman, the Syrian Arab Republic, the United Kingdom and Tunisia by any aircraft earth station in the aeronautical mobile-satellite service shall not exceed the limits given in Annex 1, Part B of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643, unless otherwise specifically agreed by the affected administration(s). The provisions of this footnote in no way derogate the obligations of the aeronautical mobile-satellite service to operate as a secondary service in accordance with No. 5.29. (WRC-12).
 

5.509A

In the band 14.3-14.5 GHz, the power flux-density produced on the territory of the countries of Saudi Arabia, Botswana, Cameroon, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, France, Gabon, Guinea, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Kuwait, Morocco, Nigeria, Oman, the Syrian Arab Republic, the United Kingdom, Sri Lanka, Tunisia and Viet Nam by any aircraft earth station in the aeronautical mobile-satellite service shall not exceed the limits given in Annex 1, Part B of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643, unless otherwise specifically agreed by the affected administration(s). The provisions of this footnote in no way derogate the obligations of the aeronautical mobile-satellite service to operate as a secondary service in accordance with No. 5.29. (WRC-12).
 

5.510

The use of the band 14.5-14.8GHz by the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to- space) is limited to feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service. This use is reserved for countries outside Europe.
 

5.511A

The band 15.43-15.63GHz is also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a primary basis. Use of the band 15.43-15.63GHz by the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth and Earth-to-space) is limited to feeder links of non-geostationary systems in the mobile-satellite service, subject to coordination under No. 9.11A. The use of the frequency band 15.43-15.63GHz by the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) is limited to feeder links of non- geostationary systems in the mobile-satellite service for which advance publication information has been received by the Bureau prior to 2 June 2000. In the space-to-Earth direction, the minimum earth station elevation angle above and gain towards the local horizontal plane and the minimum coordination distances to protect an earth station from harmful interference shall be in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R S.1341. In order to protect the radio astronomy service in the band 15.35-15.4GHz, the aggregate power flux-density radiated in the 15.35-15.4GHz band by all the space stations within any feeder- link of a non-geostationary system in the mobile-satellite service (space-to- Earth) operating in the 15.43-15.63GHz band shall not exceed the level of −156 dB(W/m2) in a 50MHz bandwidth, into any radio astronomy observatory site for more than 2% of the time. (WRC-2000).
 

5.511C

Stations operating in the aeronautical radio-navigation service shall limit the effective e.i.r.p. in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R S.1340. The minimum coordination distance required to protect the aeronautical radio- navigation stations (No. 4.10 applies) from harmful interference from feeder-link earth stations and the maximum e.i.r.p. transmitted towards the local horizontal plane by a feeder-link earth station shall be in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R S.1340. (WRC-97).
 

5.511D

Fixed-satellite service systems for which complete information for advance publication has been received by the Bureau by 21 November 1997 may operate in the bands 15.4-15.43GHz and 15.63-15.7GHz in the space-to-Earth direction and 15.63-15.65GHz in the Earth-to-space direction. In the bands 15.4- 15.43GHz and 15.65-15.7GHz, emissions from a non-geostationary space station shall not exceed the power flux-density limits at the Earth’s surface of –146 dB (W/ (m2 ⋅ MHz)) for any angle of arrival. In the band 15.63-15.65GHz, where an administration plans emissions from a non-geostationary space station that exceed –146 dB (W/(m2 ⋅ MHz)) for any angle of arrival, it shall coordinate under No. 9.11A with the affected administrations. Stations in the fixed-satellite service operating in the band 15.63-15.65GHz in the Earth-to-space direction shall not cause harmful interference to stations in the aeronautical radio-navigation service (No. 4.10 applies). (WRC-97) .
 

5.511E

In the frequency band 15.4-15.7 GHz, stations operating in the radiolocation service shall not cause harmful interference to, or claim protection from, stations operating in the aeronautical radio-navigation service. (WRC-12).
 

5.511F

In order to protect the radio astronomy service in the frequency band 15.35-15.4GHz, radiolocation stations operating in the frequency band 15.4-15.7GHz shall not exceed the power flux-density level of 156 dB (W/m2) in a 50MHz bandwidth in the frequency band 15.35-15.4 GHz, at any radio astronomy observatory site for more than 2 per cent of the time. (WRC-12).
 

5.513A

Space borne active sensors operating in the band 17.2-17.3GHz shall not cause harmful interference to, or constrain the development of, the radiolocation and other services allocated on a primary basis. (WRC-97).
 

5.514

Additional allocation: in Algeria, Angola, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cameroon, El Salvador, the United Arab Emirates, Guatemala, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Lithuania, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Qatar, Kyrgyzstan, Sudan and South Sudan, the band 17.3-17.7GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a secondary basis. The power limits given in Nos. 21.3 and 21.5 shall apply. (WRC-12).
 

5.515

In the band 17.3-17.8 GHz, sharing between the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) and the broadcasting-satellite service shall also be in accordance with the provisions of § 1 of Annex 4 of Appendix 30A.
 

5.516

The use of the band 17.3-18.1GHz by geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service. The use of the band 17.3-17.8GHz in Region 2 by systems in the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to geostationary satellites. For the use of the band 17.3-17.8GHz in Region 2 by feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service in the band 12.2-12.7GHz, see Article 11. The use of the bands 17.3-18.1GHz (Earth-to-space) in Regions 1 and 3 and 17.8-18.1GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 2 by non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service is subject to application of the provisions of No. 9.12 for coordination with other non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service. Non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service shall not claim protection from geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations, irrespective of the dates of receipt by the Bureau of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service and of the complete coordination or notification information, as appropriate, for the geostationary-satellite networks, and No. 5.43A does not apply. Non-geostationary-satellite systems in the fixed-satellite service in the above bands shall be operated in such a way that any unacceptable interference that may occur during their operation shall be rapidly eliminated. (WRC-2000).
 

5.516A

In the band 17.3-17.7GHz, earth stations of the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) in Region 1 shall not claim protection from the broadcasting- satellite service feeder-link earth stations operating under Appendix 30A, nor put any limitations or restrictions on the locations of the broadcasting-satellite service feeder-link earth stations anywhere within the service area of the feeder link. (WRC-03).
 

5.516B

The following bands are identified for use by high-density applications in the fixed-satellite service: 17.3-17.7GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, 18.3-19.3GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 2, 19.7-20.2GHz (space-to-Earth) in all Regions, 39.5-40GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, 40-40.5GHz (space-to-Earth) in all Regions, 40.5-42GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 2, 47.5-47.9GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, 48.2-48.54GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, 49.44-50.2GHz (space-to-Earth) in Region 1, And, 27.5-27.82GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 1, 28.35-28.45GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 2, 28.45-28.94GHz (Earth-to-space) in all Regions, 28.94-29.1GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 2 and 3, 29.25-29.46GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 2, 29.46-30GHz (Earth-to-space) in all Regions, 48.2-50.2GHz (Earth-to-space) in Region 2. This identification does not preclude the use of these bands by other fixed- satellite service applications or by other services to which these bands are allocated on a co-primary basis and does not establish priority in these Radio Regulations among users of the bands. Administrations should take this into account when considering regulatory provisions in relation to these bands. See Resolution 143 (WRC-03)*. (WRC-03).
 

5.520

The use of the band 18.1-18.4GHz by the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to- space) is limited to feeder links of geostationary-satellite systems in the broadcasting-satellite service. (WRC-2000).
 

5.522A

The emissions of the fixed service and the fixed-satellite service in the band 18.6-18.8GHz are limited to the values given in Nos. 21.5A and 21.16.2, respectively. (WRC-2000).
 

5.522B

The use of the band 18.6-18.8GHz by the fixed-satellite service is limited to geostationary systems and systems with an orbit of apogee greater than 20 000 km. (WRC-2000).
 

5.523A

The use of the bands 18.8-19.3GHz (space-to-Earth) and 28.6-29.1GHz (Earth-to-space) by geostationary and non-geostationary fixed-satellite service networks is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.11A and No. 22.2 does not apply. Administrations having geostationary-satellite networks under coordination prior to 18 November 1995 shall cooperate to the maximum extent possible to coordinate pursuant to No. 9.11A with non-geostationary-satellite networks for which notification information has been received by the Bureau prior to that date, with a view to reaching results acceptable to all the parties concerned. Non-geostationary-satellite networks shall not cause unacceptable interference to geostationary fixed-satellite service networks for which complete Appendix 4 notification information is considered as having been received by the Bureau prior to 18 November 1995. (WRC-97).
 

5.523B

The use of the band 19.3-19.6GHz (Earth-to-space) by the fixed-satellite service is limited to feeder links for non-geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service. Such use is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.11A, and No. 22.2 does not apply.
 

5.523C

No. 22.2 shall continue to apply in the bands 19.3-19.6GHz and 29.1-29.4GHz, between feeder links of non-geostationary mobile-satellite service networks and those fixed-satellite service networks for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, is considered as having been received by the Bureau prior to 18 November 1995. (WRC-97).
 

5.523D

The use of the band 19.3-19.7 GHz (space-to-Earth) by geostationary fixed-satellite service systems and by feeder links for non-geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.11A, but not subject to the provisions of No. 22.2. The use of this band for other non-geostationary fixed-satellite service systems, or for the cases indicated in Nos. 5.523C and 5.523E, is not subject to the provisions of No. 9.11A and shall continue to be subject to Articles 9 (except No. 9.11A) and 11 procedures, and to the provisions of No. 22. 2. (WRC-97).
 

5.523E

No. 22.2 shall continue to apply in the bands 19.6-19.7GHz and 29.4-29.5GHz, between feeder links of non-geostationary mobile-satellite service networks and those fixed-satellite service networks for which complete Appendix 4 coordination information, or notification information, is considered as having been received by the Bureau by 21 November 1997. (WRC-97).
 

5.524

Additional allocation: in Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, China, Congo (Rep. of the), Costa Rica, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon, Guatemala, Guinea, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, the Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, Chad, Togo and Tunisia, the band 19.7-21.2GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. This additional use shall not impose any limitation on the power flux-density of space stations in the fixed-satellite service in the band 19.7-21.2GHz and of space stations in the mobile-satellite service in the band 19.7-20.2GHz where the allocation to the mobile-satellite service is on a primary basis in the latter band. (WRC-12).
 

5.525

In order to facilitate interregional coordination between networks in the mobile-satellite and fixed-satellite services, carriers in the mobile-satellite service that are most susceptible to interference shall, to the extent practicable, be located in the higher parts of the bands 19.7-20.2GHz and 29.5-30GHz.
 

5.526

In the bands 19.7-20.2GHz and 29.5-30GHz in Region 2, and in the bands 20.1-20.2GHz and 29.9-30GHz in Regions 1 and 3, networks which are both in the fixed-satellite service and in the mobile-satellite service may include links between earth stations at specified or unspecified points or while in motion, through one or more satellites for point-to-point and point-to-multipoint communications.
 

5.527

In the bands 19.7-20.2GHz and 29.5-30GHz, the provisions of No. 4.10 do not apply with respect to the mobile-satellite service.
 

5.530A

Unless otherwise agreed between the administrations concerned, any station in the fixed or mobile services of an administration shall not produce a power flux-density in excess of •120.4 dB (W/(m2 ·MHz)) at 3 m above the ground of any point of the territory of any other administration in Regions 1 and 3 for more than 20% of the time. In conducting the calculations, administrations should use the most recent version of Recommendation ITU-R P.452 (see Recommendation ITU-R BO.1898). (WRC-12).
 

5.530B

In the band 21.4-22GHz, in order to facilitate the development of the broadcasting-satellite service, administrations in Regions 1 and 3 are encouraged not to deploy stations in the mobile service and are encouraged to limit the deployment of stations in the fixed service to point-to-point links. (WRC-12).
 

5.530C

The use of the band 21.4-22GHz is subject to the provisions of Resolution 755 (WRC-12). (WRC-12).
 

5.532

The use of the band 22.21-22.5 GHz by the Earth exploration-satellite (passive) and space research (passive) services shall not impose constraints upon the fixed and mobile, except aeronautical mobile, services.
 

5.532A

The location of earth stations in the space research service shall maintain a separation distance of at least 54 km from the respective border(s) of neighbouring countries to protect the existing and future deployment of fixed and mobile services unless a shorter distance is otherwise agreed between the corresponding administrations. Nos. 9.17 and 9.18 do not apply. (WRC-12).
 

5.532B

Use of the band 24.65-25.25GHz in Region 1 and the band 24.65-24.75GHz in Region 3 by the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space) is limited to earth stations using a minimum antenna diameter of 4.5 m. (WRC-12).
 

5.533

The inter-satellite service shall not claim protection from harmful interference from airport surface detection equipment stations of the radio- navigation service.
 

5.535

In the band 24.75-25.25GHz, feeder links to stations of the broadcasting- satellite service shall have priority over other uses in the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to-space). Such other uses shall protect and shall not claim protection from existing and future operating feeder-link networks to such broadcasting satellite stations.
 

5.535A

The use of the band 29.1-29.5GHz (Earth-to-space) by the fixed-satellite service is limited to geostationary-satellite systems and feeder links to non- geostationary-satellite systems in the mobile-satellite service. Such use is subject to the application of the provisions of No. 9.11A, but not subject to the provisions of No. 22.2, except as indicated in Nos. 5.523C and 5.523E where such use is not subject to the provisions of No. 9.11A and shall continue to be subject to Articles 9 (except No. 9.11A) and 11 procedures, and to the provisions of No. 22.2. (WRC-97).
 

5.536

Use of the 25.25-27.5GHz band by the inter-satellite service is limited to space research and Earth exploration-satellite applications, and also transmissions of data originating from industrial and medical activities in space.
 

5.536A

Administrations operating earth stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service or the space research service shall not claim protection from stations in the fixed and mobile services operated by other administrations. In addition, earth stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service or in the space research service should be operated taking into account the most recent version of Recommendation ITU-R SA.1862. (WRC-12).
 

5.536C

In Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Comoros, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Estonia, Finland, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lithuania, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Syrian Arab Republic, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uruguay, Zambia and Zimbabwe, earth stations operating in the space research service in the band 25.5-27GHz shall not claim protection from, or constrain the use and deployment of, stations of the fixed and mobile services. (WRC-12).
 

5.537

Space services using non-geostationary satellites operating in the inter- satellite service in the band 27-27.5GHz are exempt from the provisions of No. 22.2.
 

5.538

Additional allocation: the bands 27.500-27.501GHz and 29.999-30.000GHz are also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a primary basis for the beacon transmissions intended for up-link power control. Such space-to- Earth transmissions shall not exceed an equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) of +10 dBW in the direction of adjacent satellites on the geostationary- satellite orbit. (WRC-07).
 

5.539

The band 27.5-30GHz may be used by the fixed-satellite service (Earth-to- space) for the provision of feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service.
 

5.540

Additional allocation: the band 27.501-29.999GHz is also allocated to the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) on a secondary basis for beacon transmissions intended for up-link power control.
 

5.541

In the band 28.5-30GHz, the earth exploration-satellite service is limited to the transfer of data between stations and not to the primary collection of information by means of active or passive sensors.
 

5.541A

Feeder links of non-geostationary networks in the mobile-satellite service and geostationary networks in the fixed-satellite service operating in the band 29.1-29.5GHz (Earth-to-space) shall employ uplink adaptive power control or other methods of fade compensation, such that the earth station transmissions shall be conducted at the power level required to meet the desired link performance while reducing the level of mutual interference between both networks. These methods shall apply to networks for which Appendix 4 coordination information is considered as having been received by the Bureau after 17 May 1996 and until they are changed by a future competent world radio- communication conference. Administrations submitting Appendix 4 information for coordination before this date are encouraged to utilize these techniques to the extent practicable. (WRC-2000).
 

5.543

The band 29.95-30GHz may be used for space-to-space links in the Earth exploration-satellite service for telemetry, tracking, and control purposes, on a secondary basis.
 

5.544

In the band 31-31.3GHz the power flux-density limits specified in Article 21, Table 21-4 shall apply to the space research service.
 

5.547

The bands 31.8-33.4GHz, 37-40GHz, 40.5-43.5GHz, 51.4-52.6GHz, 55.78- 59GHz and 64-66GHz are available for high-density applications in the fixed service (see Resolution 75 (WRC-2000)*). Administrations should take this into account when considering regulatory provisions in relation to these bands. Because of the potential deployment of high-density applications in the fixed- satellite service in the bands 39.5-40GHz and 40.5-42GHz (see No. 5.516B), administrations should further take into account potential constraints to high- density applications in the fixed service, as appropriate. (WRC-07).
 

5.547A

Administrations should take practical measures to minimize the potential interference between stations in the fixed service and airborne stations in the radio-navigation service in the 31.8-33.4 GHz band, taking into account the operational needs of the airborne radar systems. (WRC-2000).
 

5.548

In designing systems for the inter-satellite service in the band 32.3-33GHz, for the radio-navigation service in the band 32-33GHz, and for the space research service (deep space) in the band 31.8-32.3GHz, administrations shall take all necessary measures to prevent harmful interference between these services, bearing in mind the safety aspects of the radio-navigation service (see Recommendation 707). (WRC-03).
 

5.549

Additional allocation: in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Togo, Tunisia and Yemen, the band 33.4-36GHz is also allocated to the fixed and mobile services on a primary basis. (WRC-12).
 

5.549A

In the band 35.5-36.0GHz, the mean power flux-density at the Earth’s surface, generated by any space borne sensor in the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) or space research service (active), for any angle greater than 0.8° from the beam centre shall not exceed −73.3 dB(W/m2) in this band. (WRC-03).
 

5.550A

For sharing of the band 36-37GHz between the Earth exploration-satellite (passive) service and the fixed and mobile services, Resolution 752 (WRC-07) shall apply. (WRC-07).
 

5.551H

The equivalent power flux-density (epfd) produced in the band 42.5-43.5GHz by all space stations in any non-geostationary-satellite system in the fixed- satellite service (space-to-Earth), or in the broadcasting-satellite service operating in the 42-42.5GHz band, shall not exceed the following values at the site of any radio astronomy station formore than 2% of the time: -•230 dB (W/m2) in 1GHz and –246 dB(W/m2) in any 500kHz of the 42.5-43.5GHz band at the site of any radio astronomy station registered as a single-dish telescope; and -•209 dB (W/m2) in any 500kHz of the 42.5-43.5GHz band at the site of any radio astronomy station registered as a very long baseline interferometry station. These epfd values shall be evaluated using the methodology given in Recommendation ITU-R S.1586-1 and the reference antenna pattern and the maximum gain of an antenna in the radio astronomy service given in Recommendation ITU-R RA.1631 and shall apply over the whole sky and for elevation angles higher than the minimum operating angle .min of the radio- telescope (for which a default value of 5° should be adopted in the absence of notified information). These values shall apply at any radio astronomy station that either: – was in operation prior to 5 July 2003 and has been notified to the Bureau before 4 January 2004; or – was notified before the date of receipt of the complete Appendix 4 information for coordination or notification, as appropriate, for the space station to which the limits apply. Other radio astronomy stations notified after these dates may seek an agreement with administrations that have authorized the space stations. In Region 2, Resolution 743 (WRC-03) shall apply. The limits in this footnote may be exceeded at the site of a radio astronomy station of any country whose administration so agreed. (WRC-07).
 

5.551I

The power flux-density in the band 42.5-43.5 GHz produced by any geostationary space station in the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth), or the broadcasting-satellite service operating in the 42-42.5GHz band, shall not exceed the following values at the site of any radio astronomy station: –137 dB (W/m2) in 1GHz and –153 dB (W/m2) in any 500kHz of the 42.5-43.5GHz band at the site of any radio astronomy station registered as a single-dish telescope; and –116 dB (W/m2) in any 500kHz of the 42.5-43.5GHz band at the site of any radio astronomy station registered as a very long baseline interferometry station. These values shall apply at the site of any radio astronomy station that either: – was in operation prior to 5 July 2003 and has been notified to the Bureau before 4 January 2004; or – was notified before the date of receipt of the complete Appendix 4 information for coordination or notification, as appropriate, for the space station to which the limits apply. Other radio astronomy stations notified after these dates may seek an agreement with administrations that have authorized the space stations. In Region 2, Resolution 743 (WRC-03) shall apply. The limits in this footnote may be exceeded at the site of a radio astronomy station of any country whose administration so agreed. (WRC-03).
 

5.552

The allocation of the spectrum for the fixed-satellite service in the bands 42.5-43.5GHz and 47.2-50.2GHz for Earth-to-space transmission is greater than that in the band 37.5-39.5 GHz for space-to-Earth transmission in order to accommodate feeder links to broadcasting satellites. Administrations are urged to take all practicable steps to reserve the band 47.2-49.2GHz for feeder links for the broadcasting-satellite service operating in the band 40.5-42.5GHz.
 

5.552A

The allocation to the fixed service in the bands 47.2-47.5GHz and 47.9- 48.2GHz is designated for use by high altitude platform stations. The use of the bands 47.2-47.5GHz and 47.9-48.2GHz is subject to the provisions of Resolution 122 (Rev.WRC-07). (WRC-07).
 

5.553

In the bands 43.5-47GHz and 66-71GHz, stations in the land mobile service may be operated subject to not causing harmful interference to the space radio- communication services to which these bands are allocated (see No. 5.43). (WRC- 2000).
 

5.554

In the bands 43.5-47GHz, 66-71GHz, 95-100GHz, 123-130GHz, 191.8-200GHz and 252-265GHz, satellite links connecting land stations at specified fixed points are also authorized when used in conjunction with the mobile-satellite service or the radio-navigation-satellite service. (WRC-2000).
 

5.554A

The use of the bands 47.5-47.9GHz, 48.2-48.54GHz and 49.44-50.2GHz by the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) is limited to geostationary satellites. (WRC-03).
 

5.555

Additional allocation: the band 48.94-49.04GHz is also allocated to the radio astronomy service on a primary basis. (WRC-2000).
 

5.555B

The power flux-density in the band 48.94-49.04GHz produced by any geostationary space station in the fixed-satellite service (space-to-Earth) operating in the bands 48.2-48.54GHz and 49.44-50.2GHz shall not exceed – 151.8 dB(W/m2) in any 500kHz band at the site of any radio astronomy station. (WRC-03).
 

5.556

In the bands 51.4-54.25GHz, 58.2-59GHz and 64-65GHz, radio astronomy observations may be carried out under national arrangements. (WRC-2000).
 

5.556A

Use of the bands 54.25-56.9GHz, 57-58.2GHz and 59-59.3GHz by the inter-satellite service is limited to satellites in the geostationary-satellite orbit. The single-entry power flux-density at all altitudes from 0 km to 1 000 km above the Earth’s surface produced by a station in the inter-satellite service, for all conditions and for all methods of modulation, shall not exceed –147 dB(W/(m2 ⋅ 100MHz)) for all angles of arrival. (WRC-97).
 

5.557A

In the band 55.78-56.26GHz, in order to protect stations in the Earth exploration-satellite service (passive), the maximum power density delivered by a transmitter to the antenna of a fixed service station is limited to – 26 dB(W/MHz). (WRC-2000).
 

5.558

In the bands 55.78-58.2GHz, 59-64GHz, 66-71GHz, 122.25-123GHz, 130- 134GHz, 167-174.8GHz and 191.8-200GHz, stations in the aeronautical mobile service may be operated subject to not causing harmful interference to the inter- satellite service (see No. 5.43). (WRC-2000).
 

5.558A

Use of the band 56.9-57GHz by inter-satellite systems is limited to links between satellites in geostationary-satellite orbit and to transmissions from non- geostationary satellites in high-Earth orbit to those in low-Earth orbit. For links between satellites in the geostationary-satellite orbit, the single entry power flux- density at all altitudes from 0 km to 1 000 km above the Earth’s surface, for all conditions and for all methods of modulation, shall not exceed –147 dB(W/(m2 ⋅ 100MHz)) for all angles of arrival. (WRC-97).
 

5.559

In the band 59-64GHz, airborne radars in the radiolocation service may be operated subject to not causing harmful interference to the inter-satellite service (see No. 5.43). (WRC-2000).
 

5.560

In the band 78-79GHz radars located on space stations may be operated on a primary basis in the Earth exploration-satellite service and in the space research service.
 

5.561

In the band 74-76 GHz, stations in the fixed, mobile and broadcasting services shall not cause harmful interference to stations of the fixed-satellite service or stations of the broadcasting-satellite service operating in accordance with the decisions of the appropriate frequency assignment planning conference for the broadcasting-satellite service. (WRC-2000).
 

5.561A

The 81-81.5GHz band is also allocated to the amateur and amateur- satellite services on a secondary basis. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562

The use of the band 94-94.1GHz by the Earth exploration-satellite (active) and space research (active) services is limited to space borne cloud radars. (WRC-97).
 

5.562A

In the bands 94-94.1GHz and 130-134GHz, transmissions from space stations of the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) that are directed into the main beam of a radio astronomy antenna have the potential to damage some radio astronomy receivers. Space agencies operating the transmitters and the radio astronomy stations concerned should mutually plan their operations so as to avoid such occurrences to the maximum extent possible. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562B

In the bands 105-109.5GHz, 111.8-114.25GHz, 155.5-158.5GHz and 217- 226GHz, the use of this allocation is limited to space-based radio astronomy only. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562C

Use of the band 116-122.25GHz by the inter-satellite service is limited to satellites in the geostationary-satellite orbit. The single-entry power flux-density produced by a station in the inter-satellite service, for all conditions and for all methods of modulation, at all altitudes from 0 km to 1 000 km above the Earth’s surface and in the vicinity of all geostationary orbital positions occupied by passive sensors, shall not exceed –148 dB(W/(m2 ⋅ MHz)) for all angles of arrival. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562E

The allocation to the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) is limited to the band 133.5-134GHz. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562F

In the band 155.5-158.5GHz, the allocation to the Earth exploration- satellite (passive) and space research (passive) services shall terminate on 1 January 2018. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562G

The date of entry into force of the allocation to the fixed and mobile services in the band 155.5-158.5GHz shall be 1 January 2018. (WRC-2000).
 

5.562H

Use of the bands 174.8-182GHz and 185-190GHz by the inter-satellite service is limited to satellites in the geostationary-satellite orbit. The single-entry power flux-density produced by a station in the inter-satellite service, for all conditions and for all methods of modulation, at all altitudes from 0 to 1 000 km above the Earth’s surface and in the vicinity of all geostationary orbital positions occupied by passive sensors, shall not exceed −144 dB (W/(m2 ⋅ MHz)) for all angles of arrival. (WRC-2000).
 

5.563A

In the bands 200-209GHz, 235-238GHz, 250-252GHz and 265-275GHz, ground-based passive atmospheric sensing is carried out to monitor atmospheric constituents. (WRC-2000).
 

5.563B

The band 237.9-238GHz is also allocated to the Earth exploration-satellite service (active) and the space research service (active) for space borne cloud radars only. (WRC-2000).
 

5.565

The following frequency bands in the range 275-1 000GHz are identified for use by administrations for passive service applications: – radio astronomy service: 275-323GHz, 327-371GHz, 388-424GHz, 426-442GHz, 453-510GHz, 623-711GHz, 795-909GHz and 926-945GHz; – Earth exploration-satellite service (passive) and space research service (passive): 275-286GHz, 296-306GHz, 313-356GHz, 361-365GHz, 369-392GHz, 397-399GHz, 409-411GHz, 416-434GHz, 439-467GHz, 477-502GHz, 523-527GHz, 538- 581GHz, 611-630GHz, 634-654GHz, 657-692GHz, 713-718GHz, 729-733GHz, 750-754GHz, 771-776GHz, 823-846GHz, 850-854GHz, 857-862GHz, 866-882GHz, 905-928GHz, 951-956GHz, 968-973GHz and 985-990GHz. The use of the range 275-1 000GHz by the passive services does not preclude use of this range by active services. Administrations wishing to make frequencies in the 275-1 000GHz range available for active service applications are urged to take all practicable steps to protect these passive services from harmful interference until the date when the Table of Frequency Allocations is established in the above-mentioned 275-1 000GHz frequency range. All frequencies in the range 1 000-3 000GHz may be used by both active and passive services. (WRC-12).
 

 

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