Issue #25   •   Quarter 3/4 Edition   •   December 2018


President Muhammadu Buhari has requested the Senate to confirm nominees into positions of Chairman, Executive Commissioner, and Non-Executive Commissioners of Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC.

In a letter dated August 2, 2016, sent to the Senate President, Bukola Saraki, Senator Olabiyi Durojaiye (South West) was nominated as Chairman, while Mr. Sunday Dare (South West) was nominated as Executive Commissioner, Stakeholders Management.

Those nominated as Non-Executive Commissioners are: Aliyu Sa’idu Abubakar (North East), Clement Omeiza Baiye (North Central), Chief Okoi Ofem Obono Obla (South South), Pastor Ezekiel Yissa (North Central) and Senator Ifeanyi Ararume (South East).

According to the Presidency, the nominations are in accordance with Section 8(1) of the Nigerian Communications Commission Act 2003. Their assumption of office is subject to their confirmation by the Senate.

Senator Olabiyi Durojaiye was elected Senator for the Ogun East constituency of Ogun State, Nigeria in 1999 on the Alliance for Democracy (AD) platform. A multidisciplinary scholar, he earned a BSc (Economics) London, and an LLB, London. He was called to the Nigerian Bar in 1979, and is a Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. He also graduated from the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru. He worked for 35 years in the Nigerian public sector, including 28 years as a Director of the Central Bank of Nigeria and the Nigerian Security Printing and Minting Company. He also worked with the International Monetary Fund, the Federal Reserve System in the U.S.A and the City University London between 1964 and 1982. While in the Senate, he was appointed to committees on Judiciary, Establishment (Chairman) and Special Projects. In December 2002 he recommended a life jail-term for anyone who perpetrated election fraud.

Mr. Sunday Dare is an author, journalist and publicist. Until his appointment he was one of the media specialists working for one of Nigeria’s most influential politicians, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu. Dare is the author of Guerilla Journalism, a compelling book that chronicles the struggles that attended media practice and journalists in the stormy days of military rule in Nigeria.

Dare is an award-winning investigative reporter, multimedia journalist and media trainer with more than two decades of experience in the United States and Nigeria. He spent eight years at the Voice of America in Washington, D.C., where he headed the Hausa Service and was responsible for broadcasts to more than 21 million listeners in West Africa. Before joining VOA, Dare was general editor of two of Nigeria’s independent weekly news magazines, The News and Tempo, based in Lagos.

He was a journalism fellow at New York University in 1998 and a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University in 2000, the same year he received a special citation for Courage in Journalism from the Committee to Protect Journalists for his work in Nigeria. He is a member of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, and co-founder of a monthly magazine called News Digest International, based in Lagos. He was also a 2011 Reuters Fellows at Oxford University, where he researched the use of social media, citizen journalists and other new tools used by Nigerian news organizations.


feat-002The concept of cybercrime is historical. With the advent of information and communication technology, massive digitalization and unprecedented interconnectivity provided by the internet has been a boon to students, doctors, teachers, lawyers, businessmen and criminals. Historical antecedent shows that unauthorized access, damage to property, theft and distribution of obscene and indecent materials are all considered as familiar cybercrimes.

The draft local legislation on electronic crimes, telecommunications and postal offences decree of 1995 define cybercrime as:

… Any person who, inter alia, engages in computer fraud or does anything to fake payments, whether or not the payment is credited to the account of an operator or the account of the subscriber, is guilty of an offence.

At the 10th U.N conference on the punishment of offenders, cybercrime was broken into two categories and thus defined as:

  1. In a narrow sense, as any illegal behavior directed by means of electronic operations that target the security of computer system and data processed by them; and
  2. In a broader sense, as any illegal behavior committed by means of or in relation to a computer system or network including such crimes as illegal possession and offering or distributing information by means of a computer system or network.

Computer crime, or cybercrime, is any crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. Net crime is criminal exploitation of the Internet, inherently a cybercrime. Cyber crime uses the unique features of the Net - sending of e-mail in seconds, speedy publication/ dissemination of information through the web to anyone on the planet. Computer attacks can be generated by criminals from anywhere in the world, and executed in other areas, irrespective of geographical location. Often, these criminal activities can be faster, easier and more damaging with the use of the Internet.

The Executive Vice Chairman of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Prof Umar Garba Danbatta, has said that the telecoms sector contributed N1.549 trillion to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the second quarter of 2017, representing 6.68 per cent increase from the first quarter of the year (N1.452 trillion).

Speaking while receiving the Chairperson of Liberia Telecommunications Authority (LTA) Madam Angelique Weeks, who paid him a courtesy visit on Thursday in Abuja, Danbatta, said the figures were derived from recently released Bureau of Statistics (NBS’s) report on the economy.

The NBS’s report has confirmed that the telecommunications sector, during the second quarter of 2017, contributed 9.5 per cent to the GDP in contrast to 9.1 per cent contribution in the first quarter of the year.

President Muhammadu Buhari recently  joined members of the public, members of the All Progressives Congress and the National Assembly to congratulate Sen. Olabiyi Durojaiye, the Chairman of the Board of Commissioners  of the Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC, on his 85th birthday.

President Buhari, in a statement issued in Abuja felicitated with family members, friends and professional colleagues of Otunba Durojaiye, whom he described as “an exemplary leader.”

The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has again advised subscribers to heed  the warnings by the commission against patronising sellers of pre-registered Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) cards, warning that fines and jail terms awaited anyone caught using such SIM cards as it is criminal to do so.

The Executive Vice Chairman, EVC, of the NCC, Prof Umar Danbatta, gave the warning at the NCC Day during the Lagos International Trade fair organised by the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Lagos. Danbatta who was represented by Reuben Muoka, Head Media and Publicity, enjoined members of the public to report such criminal activities to law enforcement agencies rather than patronise the criminals. He said that consumers should see it as part of their responsibility, not only as subscribers but also as good citizens.

The Executive Vice Chairman of the Nigerian Communications Commission, Prof Umar Garba Danbatta, has called for alignment of synergy between the public and private sectors with a view to attaining the goal of smart cities in Nigeria.

Danbatta spoke in Abuja while chairing a session to discuss “Building Innovative Public Private Partnerships for Achieving Nigerian Smart Cities Vision”, at a conference, Smart Cities Nigeria, organized by the Federal Ministry of Communications. “To ensure the deployment of required infrastructure towards meeting the National Broadband Plan objectives as well as building the foundation for smart cities in Nigeria, there is the need for partnerships and collaborations between the public and private sectors,” he pointed out.

by Patience Yusuf (Public Affairs Department)


The Freedom of Information Act was a product of collaboration between citizens, organised civic actors and government. It took seventeen years from the origin of its first draft until its adoption. The first draft of the bill was prepared by Tunde Fagbohunlu (SAN) in 1994.The Freedom of Information Act 2011 was passed by both chambers of the 6th National Assembly on 24th May 2011 and assented by President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan on 28th May, 2011.

The FoI Act supersedes the Official Secrets Act (OSA), originally enacted in 1911, which forbade the unauthorized transmission, obtaining, reproduction, or retention of any classified matter. The Act applies not only to public institutions but also to private organizations providing public services, performing public functions or utilizing public funds.

The underlying philosophy of the Act is that public servants are custodians of a public trust on behalf of a population who have a right to know what they do. In particular, the FoI Act promises to remove the aura of mystery and exclusion with which public servants cloak the ordinary operations of government and public institutions. It also seeks to change the manner in which public records and information are managed. The Act builds on an assumption of openness, by placing on those who wish to keep public information away from the people, the onus of justifying why they have to do so. If fully implemented, the FoI Act will transform quite fundamentally the way in which government conducts business and the perception of the people towards the government. The Act is a marked shift from the OSA which promotes secrecy and criminalises the disclosure of information.

nccbuildingThe NCC has set a two percent (2%) call drop rate as the limit that telecommunications companies must work towards as part of the condition they must meet in the new Key Performance Indicators (KPI) guidelines on Quality of Service (QoS).

This is coming in spite of the frequent dissatisfaction being expressed by telecoms subscribers on the quality of service by the operators, characterized by call drops, occasional service outage and network congestion, among other issues.

The NCC, however, has said on its website that there has been some improvement on the networks in terms of the level of quality of service operators deliver to their subscribers but a lot still needs to be done to achieve the minimum level of 2% call drop rate.

Nearly all the service providers in the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and the CDMA segments of the industry are adjudged to have made some improvement in the area of upgrading their networks to accommodate the subscriber base on their networks as well as enhancing service delivery.

Following the initial stakeholders' meeting in February 2017 for the determination of termination rates for telecom companies, the NCC says a new study to determine the mobile voice termination rate which has kicked off will come up with a new rate that will take effect from March 1, 2018.

This was disclosed by the Executive vice chairman of the Nigerian communications commission,  NCC,  Professor Umar Danbatta, at a stakeholders’ forum on cost based study for the determination of mobile voice termination rate (the fee which one Telecom operator charges another for connecting and terminating calls on its network) for the Nigeria Telecom industry.

All successful public relations work is built on the foundation of good working Relationships. These relationships foster trust and open communication, which are essential for good PR practice as they are key aspects of profit growth for an organization.

When working in Public Relations (PR) you will encounter a number of different stakeholders. Stakeholder management is one of the key responsibility of PR. Stakeholders are the people or organizations who may have a material, professional, legal or political interest in the activities and performance of you and your organization. There are three main types of stakeholder.

Internal: people and departments within your organization. They are your colleagues. They rely on or use the work you produce – for example, your manager is a stakeholder and other departments who require the services of the PR department are stakeholders.

External: people and organizations outside your organization. They may be Customers, clients, suppliers and other key individuals or organizations who take an interest in or are affected by your work.

Interface: stakeholders who function both internally and externally. For example, an organization with a large trade union presence or shareholders who are also employees. You may not find these in every organization.

  1. Corporate governance; Corporate governance is a set of rules that defines the way in which an organization operates. It is the job of internal PR to communicate to the organization as a whole what these expectations are. They should be adhered to from the Board of Directors down and should include legal and regulatory behaviours as well as corporate ethics.

    Boards of Directors should lead by example and should show their stakeholders through their own actions and deeds how to behave. This ensures that all internal Stakeholders are acting with a common purpose and that external stakeholders are clear of what this is. Although in external PR, corporate governance is most often discussed as a campaign or project for a client.

  2. Conflict between stakeholders; Conflict can occur between internal stakeholders. Conflict in agencies may appear when different teams are working on different accounts and need the same resources at the same time. For example if teams need to use key suppliers at the same time, or if the account director is expected to be at simultaneous team launches. These are relatively minor conflicts that can be resolved easily by communicating clearly and reaching compromise. In the long term, a larger conflict may appear if one team feels that another is being favored by senior management. This is why it is important that senior management manage conflict by communicating clearly why decisions are made. Conflict between external stakeholders can also occur as stakeholders have different priorities and see projects in different ways.
  3. Stakeholder importance; ….Stakeholder influence on success Stakeholders can have a direct impact on the success or failure of your project. At the beginning of a project you should assess who the important stakeholders are. It is impossible to please everyone all the time, so you must assess who will have the most impact on your campaign. You may need to consider ranking stakeholders by their importance or influence on the success of a project, then dividing them into direct and indirect stakeholders.

    In conclusion, it is important to have a check list in your relationship with stakeholders; When creating your stakeholder map, ask yourself the following questions to help you identify the more influential or important stakeholders.

    1. Who will be affected positively or negatively, and to what degree, by what you are planning to do?
    2. Who runs any organization with an interest in what you are planning to do?
    3. Who influences opinions about your project? (For example, the media, a key opinion former or an internal member of staff.)
    4. Are any regulatory bodies involved in what you are planning to do?
    5. For which stakeholders involved does the project meet their needs and interests (internally and externally)?
    6. Internally, who has been involved in any similar projects in the past?
    7. Whom do you have existing good business relationships with who might be involved in your project?
    8. Who has the power of veto (the final right to say no) over any given situation within your projects?

After a painstaking exercise and consultation, the Executive Vice Chairman (EVC) and Chief Executive of Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta, has unveiled an 8-point agenda covering 2015-2020.

The new vision is in line with President Muhammadu Buhari’s change mantra. It is “to promote innovation, investment, competition and consumer empowerment in and on top of Communications platforms of today and the future-maximizing the power of Information and Communications Technology to grow our economy, create jobs, and enhance national competitiveness through the deployment of broadband infrastructure to facilitate roll out of broadband services that will hold out opportunities and higher network quality of service for all Nigerians.”

The 8-point pillars rest on a tripod of 'A's which include Availability of Service, Accessibility of Service and Affordability of service in line with the Buhari change agenda, an ideological shift in creation of structures for social benefits and inclusiveness for national development.

Prof. Danbatta who spoke to journalists at an International Press conference in Lagos, listed the 8-point agenda as follows:

  1. Facilitate Broadband penetration through provision and optimization access to and use of affordable fixed and mobile broadband in Nigeria;
  2. Improve Quality of Service by promoting the availability of reliable, interoperable, rapidly restorable critical ICT infrastructure that are supportive of all required services;
  3. Optimize usage and benefits of spectrum by maximizing availability of spectrum in order to provide diverse and affordable ICT services and ensuring that spectrum acquisition does not distort marketing competition;
  4. Promote ICT innovation and investment opportunities. By this, ICT innovations will be promoted in ways that improve the nation’s ability to compete in the global economy, increased investment in youth and promotion of SMEs for new business delivery breakthroughs;
  5. Facilitate Strategic Collaboration and partnership with relevant stakeholders to foster ICT for sustainable economic development and social advancement;
  6. Protect and empower consumers from unfair practices through availability of information and education required to make informed choices in the use of ICT services;
  7. Promote fair competition and inclusive growth by creating a competitive market for ICT services that foster fair inclusion of all actors in innovative ways that facilitate new investment, job creation and consumer satisfaction; and
  8. Ensure regulatory excellence and operational efficiency through effective regulatory framework, efficient processes, strict compliance monitoring and enforcement efficient management of internal resources and structure and maintain a commitment to transparency.

Danbatta said; "Wealth creation through application of human knowledge and creativity is steadily outpacing wealth creation through extraction and processing of natural resources. Knowledge has increasingly become an important means for value creation. Hence, with globalization and the technological revolution of the last few decades, knowledge has clearly become the key driver of competitiveness and is now profoundly reshaping the patterns of the world’s economic growth and activity."

He maintained that "the policy goals of the Nigerian Communications Commission recognize the immense socio-economic importance of ICTs to national development and therefore seeks to ensure that the infrastructure necessary to provide ubiquitous broadband services is available and accessible to all citizens at affordable rates. Broadband is the next frontier in the ICT industry which will help in the speedy transformation of the Nigerian economy."

Hence, he added "This Strategic Vision 2015-2020 responds to this by setting out the foundations, for future growth and competitiveness that will be sustainable and inclusive and which would address our principal societal challenges as a nation."

January 27, 2016

We commend the initiative of the NCC in actually conducting this sensitisation workshop and it is definitely commendable and progressive of the Commission. We’re very happy to hear the EVC that a lot of the recommendations would be incorporated into making the code even much better than the model code it is today.

OYERONKE OYETUNDE, General Manager, Regulatory Affairs, MTN


Telecommunications contribution to GDP is now placed at 9.25 per cent, up from its previous 8.5 per cent


Total number of subscribers (active lines) in Nigeria as at Q2 (July) 2014 is placed at 132,186,840, a slight decrease from the number in June at 132,780,703


GSM mobile saw a reduction in its number of active lines from 130,536,850 as at June 2014 to 129,978,598 in July 2014


Fixed (wired/wireless) lines saw an increase in its active user base from 182,395 in June 2014 to 187,028 in July


The number of active CDMA lines went down from 2,061,458 in June 2014 to 2,021,214 in July


Total number of connected lines in Nigeria increased from 170,032,880 in June 2014 to 179,588,986 as at July 2014


There was a slight reduction in Subscribers’ teledensity from 94.84 per cent in June to 94.42 per cent in July 2014


Percentage market share by the number of subscribers for MTN by July 2014 stands at 45 per cent with 58,289,807 subscribers, it has recorded a slight decrease in its market share of 46 per cent in April 2014


Etisalat’s market share is placed at 15 per cent as at July 2014 with subscriber database of 19,470,884, it retains its market share of 15 per cent from April 2014


With 27,352,007 subscribers, Globacom's market share stands at 21 per cent as at July 2014, an increase from its 19 per cent in April 2014


Airtel's market share is put at 19% as at July 2014. With 24,865,900 subscribers, it has suffered a decrease in its market share of 20 per cent in April 2014


Percentage market share by technology for GSM mobile rose from 98.12 per cent in April 2014 to 98.33 per cent in July 2014


CDMA has continued to suffer a decrease in its market share from 1.74 per cent in April 2014 to 1.53 per cent in July 2014


For the fixed (wired/wireless) lines, it has maintained its 0.14 per cent market share of April 2014 in July 2014.


The total number of internet subscribers for GSM mobile as at July 2014 is put at 70,307,011, an increase from 67,197,505 in June 2014


The total number of incoming porting activities increased from 10,815 in June 2014 to 11,320 in July 2014


Outgoing porting activity also saw an increase from 10,325 in June 2014 to 11,110 in July 2014


Having 3,312 incoming porting activity of the total 11,320, Airtel saw an increase from its previous 1,678 in June 2014 to 3,312 in July 2014


Etisalat's incoming porting activity decreased from 5,081 in June 2014 to 4,791 in July 2014


Globacom's incoming porting activity also saw a decline from 2,540 in June 2014 to 1,965 in July 2014


Incoming porting activity for MTN was also on a decline from 1,516 in June 2014 to 1,252 in July 2014

Are you in need of a reliable, experienced, trustworthy and verified driver? Ask Solomon Iyore, a 33-year-old HR professional and 2007 psychology graduate of Ambrose Ali University Ekpoma, Edo State Nigeria. He spoke to The Communicator on his innovation; a platform that gives you access to reliable and trusted drivers.

Conceiving the Idea

The idea came to me through a friend’s wife who suggested that instead of me working again after resigning from my job I should begin something of my own. She suggested I serve as an agent in giving out drivers to people, but I saw this as too demeaning. 

The conviction of going into the business actually struck me when my friend and I were driving through Victoria Island in Lagos and seeing a lot of cab drivers around, I was convinced that I could actually create a platform where people who need drivers could find them. So I immediately started the process last year October. The real meat of the business is actually not in the giving out of drivers but in the verification and security checks on them. That was how I kicked off; the problem of recruiting trusted drivers had to be solved which is one problem we’re having in the country.

How I Started?

We printed forms and fliers which we started distributing in Abuja and Kaduna where I had contacts apart from Lagos and we started recruitment en mass. In no time, drivers from companies registered on the platform. So right now it is the drivers who are even telling other drivers about the platform.
Once the driver is licensed and has a valid drivers’ license; but for those in Lagos you must have your Lagos State Drivers Institute card. Once you have all these and you’re tested then you can be registered on the platform.

How it Works

Someone or a company that needs the services of a driver only just has to go to our platform and then search for the driver that fits your specifications and once you select we contact the driver (s) for you. We always give room for clients to test the drivers before employing their service(s).
We do our verification in two levels: we first verify that he’s a driver and also who his guarantors are and if there’s a case of indemnity. We also check the guarantor to know if he’s fit to be one; we interview the guarantor and have interviews with him to be sure he really has full knowledge (strengths and weaknesses) of who the driver is.  All the information will be sent to the client so that he/she can know what to expect from the driver.

Start-up Funding

The startup fund was about N150, 000 which was part of my personal savings. The website was built on social capital; the web designer is my friend. But the bulk of the money was spent on logistics. So far we’ve been getting funds from people using the service and we’re plowing back the money into the business. Right now we have about 700 drivers registered on the platform.

Challenges to the Business

Entrance into the market was a major challenge and this goes back to the fundamental challenge of how you get funding. Getting publicity like you know is very expensive and as much as I tried I couldn’t get the needed publicity that would suit my pocket so we decided to go for mobile marketing; We printed branded shirts and recruited marketers who wear these to offices as a way of advertising the website. We have our target market which made me think of just using the branded shirts that will serve as my advert anywhere we go.


We’re looking for institutional partnerships because this business must outlive me. Currently, we’re working on a partnership agreement with the Federal Road Safety Corps, FRSC, to train the drivers i.e. all the drivers will be FRSC-certified. This I believe will give the site a lot of credibility.

Challenges to doing Business

There are different kinds of capital in business; social capital, financial, intellectual and spiritual. This business was built mainly on social capital. Funding to me is secondary; the first thing is the idea and the willingness to run with passion. I fused both my profession and passion and created a product.  I think at this stage the business is rosy enough for any investor to want to put in his/her money. At this stage one doesn’t really need money, what is needed is the passion and energy to run.  

A princely N23 million would be up for grab in this year’s NCC Tennis League, a statement by the International Tennis Academy (ITA), the organising partners for the League has said. The NCC Tennis League is the first of its kind in Africa.

The league which teed off in July has already witnessed explosive games, upsets and jaw-dropping come-backs.

One of the special guests that have graced the play-offs was the Minister of Budget and National Planning, Senator Udoma Udo Udoma, who did not hide his excitement at the quality of tennis on display. He lauded the NCC for the initiative which he said is in tandem with the resolve of the Federal Government to develop all areas of sports to engage talented Nigerians as well as build a national brand.

Telecommunication networks have being around for over a century now, public switched telephone network (PSTN), telegram etc. By mid 21st century wireless communication started to come up with the likes of 'Push to talk' systems, car telephone etc. But true Mobile communication networks did not start to show till late 1970s and mostly early 1980s. This was the era when the analog mobile phone came to being, these systems are the first generation (1G) of mobile telecommunication systems. It was based on analog modulation and it was built specifically for voice. Soon the second generation (2G) of mobile networks started coming, 2G was based digital modulation and also offered short messaging service (SMS) and later those networks offered additional services such as basic web browsing, email, multimedia messaging service (MMS) etc

The explosion for the need of information and rapid growth of the internet lead to the development of third generation systems (3G) which offered packet switching, higher data rates and more data based services. There were also efforts to standardise mobile networks, and considerable progress was seen in 3G networks. The limitations of 3G and the need for wireless systems to be as fast as today’s fixed systems yet with high mobility and also the desire to hamornise and further standardize the mobile telecommunication networks lead to the emergence of a new set of standards adopted for a fourth generation (4G) of networks. Such systems are begining to spring up in some places. Already talks are on the way for the next generation of networks that some call 5G. The graph above shows the relationship between the generations of networks with their respective data rates


These are the first mobile telecommunication networks to emerge. Works on 1G was mostly done in the 1970s and by early 1980s these networks were implemented in different places. Some 1G technologies include Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS), Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) Total Access Communication System (TACS), C-nets etc. 1G was built basically for one function; voice communication and it offered only that, though Paging networks are also considered a 1G technology. Paging networks offered a messaging service not voice. 1G was an analog technology which uses analog modulation techniques though some networks used digital modulation for base station to base station communication but mobile equipment to base station communication was purely analog modulation. These networks were circuit switched, operated at 150MHz frequency and above and had a speed of 2.4Kb/s

1G had a lot of limitations and issues. It had poor voice quality due to the analog nature of the system. There was also the issue of security, 1G networks had no encryption therefore calls can be listened into when tuned to its frequency. Also phone identities could be cloned and used which lead to a lot of privacy problems, scandals and fraud. Other problems included limited capacity of users, limited roaming, poor handoff reliability, frequent call drops, large phones which had poor battery life and many more problems. Therefore the need of redesigning mobile telecommunication gave birth to new 2G technologies


Around the late 1980s 2G networks began to emerge and by early 1990s those networks were in many countries. Unlike its predecessor these technologies used digital modulation techniques which resulted to superior voice quality. But the networks remained circuit switched. 2G came with new services such as SMS, fax and WAP. Encryption was introduced which greatly enhanced security and solved most security problems of 1G, also error detection and correction improved quality of the service. Some 2G technologies include Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), IS-54 (digital AMPS), IS-95 (CDMA) etc. These networks operated earlier at the 824MHz − 894MHz frequency band later on other systems operated at higher frequencies of 1800MHz. Speeds of around 9.6Kb/s and higher was achieved on 2G networks. GSM remains the most successful 2G network technology with much wider use. GSM was later improved with General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) with data rates of a little over 100Kb/s, GPRS introduced more services such as email, web browsing and other data related services. Soon after GPRS, Enhanced Data rates in GSM Environment (EDGE) emerged yet as another upgrade which pushed data rates to up to 300Kb/s, this brought the possibility of higher data rates and new services. GPRS and EDGE are sometimes referred to as 2.5 and 2.75G respectively

Though 2G technologies greatly improved mobile communications which lead to an explosion in number subscribers it was with many limitations. One of such includes the fact 2G was a circuit switching based network therefore it inefficiently uses bandwidth and resources which hugely limits high data rates capability, it is also unable to handle complex data such video and also limits number of users. Other limitations include lack of interoperability between 2G networks, poor standardisation and the fact that 2G offers very few opportunity for services and applications


3G Mobile networks were built based International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) unified family of standards that can work together and satisfy IMT-2000 specification, to build mobile networks which offer multimedia services and other services that were available on wire-line systems. Those networks started to operate mostly around early 2000s. 3G technologies used circuit switching for voice/SMS and packet switching for data services. The technologies include W-CDMA, CDMA-2000 and TD-SCDMA. These network operated on the 2100MHz frequency band and offered higher speeds of 144kb/s to 384kb/s at high mobility and 2Mbps at low mobility. 3G increased network capacity to meet up with demand and actualised global roaming for subscribers. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) was adopted by Europe which chose W-CDMA as the standard 3G technology. UMTS is based on GSM infrastructure therefore made it easier for GSM operators to upgrade to it. It became the most popular 3G technology. UMTS later added High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) which offered speeds of 14.4Mbps downlink/5.8Mbps uplink and then High Speed Packet Access (HSUPA) which offered similar speeds but with a higher uplink speed. HSPA AND HSUPA were refered to as 3.5G and 3.75G respectively.

3G was a huge success, especially in standardization but there are limitations and expectations that supersedes it. Such issues include the the high price for spectrum license, high cost of 3G networks which makes most operators to revert to 2G. There are also issues of delayed roll out and patchy coverage. Also with the recent rapid evolution of information systems and services, mobile devices which demand high mobility, much higher data rates and interoperability, there is need for harmonising all network technologies to get wireless anywhere anytime with much higher data rates


Soon after 3G, fourth generation mobile telecommunication networks are technologies that are built to achieve the ITU’s set of standards specified by the IMT-Advanced specifications. These networks are to achieve speeds of 100Mbps at high mobility and up to 1Gbps at low mobility. This is to enable wireless systems to achieve present day wireline systems capabilities and trigger a mobile broadband revolution. Also the 4G network is to be an ‘open wireless’ system which means it should be a network with a unified core which is accessible from different wireless(access) technologies, this is aimed at harmonising and further standardising all the available wireless technologies. 4G networks are also ‘all IP’ and fully packet switched networks. On full implementation, 4G will be a revolution of mobile telecommunications because it will bring technology services offered by other types of networks to mobile networks, this will significantly reduce repetition of network infrastructure and devices. Services such as live TV, voice, radio, broadband etc will be replaced by IPTV, VOIP, internet radio and the likes. There is yet to be a tested and proven truly 4G network but 4G technologies so far seen are Long Term Evolution (LTE) and IEEE's WiMAX based on the 802.16x specifications. Both technologies use orthogonal frequency-divisional multiplexing (OFDM) and also MIMO antenna technology which stands for Multiple-Input Multiple-Output to achieve the high data rate required. Such networks are already being deployed in Europe and other few places but in recent years to come more roll outs will be seen. Though an evolution of LTE called LTE-advanced has fully met ITU’s IMT-advanced specification in demonstrations, full roll out is yet to be seen


Already talks are on the way for networks beyond 4G but no formal standards are set in place yet. But definitely those networks will offer new services and new clever ways of achieving very high data rates while efficiently utilizing spectrum. Also more intelligence will be seen in mobile networks and importantly will easily accommodate sensors, automated appliances and other non-human operated devices/equipment to build the ‘new internet’ which is often called the ‘internet of things’ (IoT). Further centralization of core networks will surely be seen and possibly decoupling of the service layer from the network layer which means the interface for services and application will be independent of the underlying technology. This will further enrich services and applications development of mobile technologies and bring about a further boost to the current mobile revolution.

Since the emergence of 1G networks there had being big leaps from one generation to the other almost every decade a new generation of networks emerges with better services and data rates. Earlier in the evolution the technologies were evolving to meet consumer demands but towards the end we see that technologies have mostly surpassed consumer demands and mostly are driven by "craze" for technology (as demonstrated in the figure above). But future generations of networks will be tailored towards offering better services and better quality of service, therefore switching from a technology driven operational model to a customer needs driven model

2014Q1-mobile-nativeThe fast evolution of mobile communication over the last decades has played a central role in the daily life of most people person on earth. It is a fundamental driver in the global economy and will play an even more vital part for most aspects of global progress in the decades to come. Our own country (Nigeria) is no exception.

The development in voice communication has moved from one fixed phone per household to a highly personal communication device. And Internet is moving in the same direction with mobile, individual cloud based 24/7 connectivity.

The number of mobile broadband will pass one billion subscriptions this year. With close to 5 billion connections in 2016, mobile broadband will bring the Internet further than ever before creating a truly globally networked society and a new generation of mobile natives.

Features of the Mobile Natives:

  • Almost 2 hours per day is spent accessing the Internet from smartphones. The age group 15-24 years spends about twice as much time using smartphone Internet as the age group 45+.
  • The smartphone is always kept close at hand and users tend to carry it with them whenever they move around, even at home. The smartphone represents a vital part of the personal identity from all areas of life and is literally an extension of the body.
  • The smartphone offers an individually designed selection of Internet content, which reflects the identity, and lifestyle of the user.
  • People's Mobile Broadband usage and behaviors are shifting. More than ever, people are viewing broadband access as a 24/7 necessity, rather than "nice-to-have". They see it as part of daily life – moving far beyond basic connectivity. Before people decided when to get online. Nowadays, they decide when to get offline.
  • Losing a regular mobile phone means losing the address book, this is quite troubling. Losing the laptop or the smartphone could mean losing an identity on a social network or a large amount of personal data, which is not recoverable.
  • Of the estimated 5 billion people who will have broadband by 2016, about 85 percent will be mobile broadband subscribers.

So if you happen to see yourself in three out of the above, whether you accept it or not you are now truly living in the global village and your are fairly versed in our native tongue.

To be able to increase the accessibility to the internet for every Nigerian, the Commission and her mother Ministry have joined hands with other government agencies and private companies and have been able to birth this baby. The baby is named Long Term Evolution (LTE) for short.

LTE is the global standard for the fourth generation of mobile networks (4G) supported by all major players in the industry. LTE offers the capacity and the speed to handle a rapid increase in data traffic with close to 5 billion mobile broadband subscriptions in 2016.

The major benefits for LTE deployment are being enjoyed worldwide and we are bringing it home to Nigeria.

A whizkid finds smart ways to help students get round the rigours of fixing off-campus accommodation challenges in tertiary institutions

Typical of most Nigerian students who face challenges with regard to securing accommodation while in school, Joel Amahwe saw this not only as a challenge but an opportunity to set things right. The 22-year-old 2015 National Diploma Computer Science graduate of Delta State Polytechnic who spoke to THE COMMUNICATOR on his innovation,, says he wants to revolutionize how students book off-campus hostels in Nigeria and of course Africa.

It is official; the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) will continue to sponsor the NCC Tennis Tournament, its Acting Executive Vice Chairman (EVC) Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta has confirmed, adding that the decision to continue sponsorship of the tennis championship was buoyed by the sterling success recorded so far in the maiden edition. “We will continue to sponsor this tournament”, an elated Danbatta said.

He spoke at the National Stadium, Abuja, and venue of the second Semi- final of the Tennis National Tournament. NCC, he said, will also review the prize money upward to ensure that as many teams are attracted from different parts of the country. He said the tournament has helped to foster national unity even as it has elicited more enthusiasm for tennis.

A visibly excited Danbatta who went down memory lane said, he remembered with nostalgia the escapades of Nigeria’s Nduka Odizor who reached the round of 16 in Wimbledon of 1983.

To Danbatta, Odizor was easily one of the global tennis greats at the time but sadly “Nigerian players have not made the desired impact in global Tennis circuits since then.

According to Danbatta: “We are witnesses to how tennis stars have brought fame and fortune to themselves and their nations, and we want to be identified to taking these talented players in Nigeria to the circuit”.

He told the audience at the stadium including, President, Nigeria Tennis Federation, Mr. Sani Ndanusa, President, International Tennis Academy, Mr. Godwin Kienka among others that the main objective of the NCC sponsorship of the tournament is to raise the level of Lawn Tennis which is one of the most popular and lucrative sporting activities.

feat-002“Part of our objective is to help in nurturing and exposing these talents through robust competition so as to help them perfect their skills. It is also promoting peace and friendship among the players as this has taken the game to various locations of the country where such competitions have not been held. So far, several matches have been played in Lagos, Port Harcourt, Asaba, Onitsha, Abeokuta, Kaduna, Abuja, and Enugu, with the finals scheduled for Lagos. Another objective of this tournament is so fruitfully engage the players, officials and the youth in some value-driven activities associated with this competition.”

Danbatta said the NCC is glad that most of the objectives of this project have been realized. “We understand that most of the best Nigerian players are featuring in this year’s edition, which has made the quality of the competition to be very high. The cross-section of the people that matter in Nigerian Lawn Tennis sport have honoured us with their presence in some of the tournaments, including Nduka Odizor that I spoke about. We are happy the way the tournament has been organized as shown by the huge turnout at this second semi-final.”

“This is the maiden edition of this tournament, and we are very happy the way the Commission’s gesture has been received since this league tennis was launched on May 23, 2015. We are proud to have added a new version of competition that has energized activities in the Nigerian lawn tennis calendar.



Telecom infrastructure is a critical resource in the effective delivery of quality of service but who watches over such infrastructure. This has been a major concern to the Nigerian Communications Commission. Now, solution is on the way as the Commission and the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps  (NSCDC)  recently in Abuja signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to protect critical telecom infrastructure from vandalism and theft.

The appointment of Nigeria’s Shola Taylor as Secretary-General of CTO highlights the growing stature of Nigeria in the global telecom matrix.

feat-005Mr. Shola Taylor has been appointed Secretary-General of the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation (CTO), an international treaty organisation headquartered in London. Mr. Taylor is expected to start in this new role on 17 September this year.

A Nigerian citizen, Mr. Taylor is currently the chief executive officer of Kemilinks International, a global ICT consultancy firm based in Lagos. A telecommunications engineer by training, he brings to the CTO over 35 years of global experience in ICTs with government and the private sector. Previous positions held include regional director for Africa at Inmarsat (1994 - 1999), space technology coordinator for developing countries at the International Telecommunication Union (ITU, 1993 - 1994) and project director, also at the ITU (1987 - 1993).

Twice elected as a member of the ITU’s Radio Regulations Board (vice-chair in 2004, and chair in 2005), Mr. Taylor has a rich inside knowledge of international organisations. Early in his career, he worked in telecommunication engineering, including as senior engineer at Nigerian Telecommunications (1981 - 1985) and spectrum engineer at Intelsat (1985 - 1987).

evc_civiccenterThe Nigerian Communications Commission has said that one of its priorities for 2012 is the implementation of Number Portability across networks, with a strong belief that the exercise will commence August this year.

Director Public Affairs (DPA) for the NCC, Mr. Tony Ojobo, who spoke with THISDAY in a telephone conversation, said the NCC already commissioned a consortium to handle the implementation process of Number Portability and that the license authority the consortium was ready. According to him the license takes effect January 2012, and the licence mandates the consortium to commence Number Portability implementation within seven months after receiving it.

"Since the licence is ready, we are looking at August this year, for the commencement of Number Portability," Ojobo said.

Head, Media and Public Relations (HMPR) for NCC, Mr. Reuben Muoka has said that Number Porting within telecoms networks remains in the interest of subscribers and that the NCC had longed planned its implementation, but was waiting to get a central national data of telecommunications’ subscribers across networks, adding that the on-going Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) cards registration exercise, would be a better platform and avenue upon which to successfully carry out Number Portability in the country.


2014q3-feature-004Telecom services have become an indispensable part of modern living, indeed the mobile phone has become an indispensable tool for communication and a myriad of other things. Telecom usage constitutes an indicator of national development (ibid).

The Concise Oxford Learners Dictionary tenth edition defines telecom as a short form of the word Telecommunications, which means the branch of technology covering communication over a distance by cable, telegraph, telephone, or broadcasting, it further defines service as the action or process of serving . Accordingly telecom services can be defined as those services provided in respect of telecom based communication, encompassing two parties the service provider and the service user.

Furthermore telecom usage can be defined as the act of using telecom technology for the purpose of communication. The rate of telecom usage in a country is its teledensity (ITU). Mobile telephony is but a subset of the larger whole of telecom services (ibid).

Various number portability types exist, however focus shall be on Mobile number portability(MNP) which has been defined as the ability of mobile subscribers to switch between service providers while retaining their original mobile phone numbers (Smura 2004), i.e. customers can change service providers without having to change phone numbers (Levin 2006).

MNP is considered a consumer right in many parts of the world, 60 countries have so far adopted MNP (Keynote Capitals 2002). Its first implementation in Africa was by South Africa and West Africa by Ghana.

Section 128 of the NCA vests NCC with the exclusive right to regulate numbers and number portability in Nigeria.

The teledensity ratio of Nigeria has grown from 0.4% to 86.62% in 11 years rendering it one of the fastest growing telecoms markets in the world.

However quantitative growth without qualitative advancement plagues the sector. It is against this backdrop that MNP was implemented.

It is posited that three cardinal aims exist for the introduction of the MNP scheme in Nigeria by the NCC (NCC Business Rules and Port Order processes).

Firstly, the MNP scheme was introduced to facilitate consumer choice as this is the foremost justification for the introduction of MNP in any country (Kojo 2013),significant goodwill is attached to mobile numbers as a means of unique identification (Smura 2004, Buehler Dewenter & Haucap 2006).Customers put a high premium on their phone numbers poor services notwithstanding, with the goodwill and economic costs of abandoning their numbers serving as a strong limitation of consumer choice (Gerpot, Rams & Schindler).

Secondly, to foster competitiveness in the telecom services environment it is believed that increased competition will drive tariffs lower than their current position (Kola, Oyebode & Akinsola), Also increased competition is always in the best interest of consumers(Odi and Onuoha).Lastly, to encourage better quality of service by the service providers (ibid).

The introduction of the MNP scheme has its advantages for mobile subscribers in Nigeria especially those who have successfully ported their numbers to the desired networks.

MNP as a tool for fostering consumer choice and competitiveness has been ineffectual so far, as no substantial change in the structure of Nigeria’s mobile subscriber base has resulted since its introduction, neither has there been a marked improvement in quality of service.

Nigerians still groan under the yolk of poor and unreliable telecom services. The objectives of the MNP scheme introduction in Nigeria to further foster competitiveness and engender consumer choice in Nigeria’s telecom services sector are unfulfilled as yet.
Its effect on telecom usage is insignificant as Nigerians believe in dual sims thereby fuelling growth of connected and inactive lines (ibid).

This encompasses costs of upgrading network infrastructure, Advertising expenses, setting up and maintaining new infrastructure (NPDB, routed caller database, etc.) section 5& 5.1of the Nigerian MNP business rules and port order processes (Khan 2012), this fact informed the decision of the NCC in making its business rules which mandates the ported subscriber to stay on the recipient network for 90 days for cost recovery.

The market effect is negligible, our sub-Saharan neighboring nation Ghana as a case study where MNP was introduced in July 2011, it caused the leading service provider to lose as much as 5% of its market share by June 2013 indicating facilitation of consumer choice and competitiveness (NCA GHANA) also the standard rate of porting per month was 15355.35 mobile subscribers in a market of 19 million subscribers.

However statistics in Nigeria pale in comparison to what has just been painted 13,923 total ported numbers out of 117 million subscribers as at June 2013 after 2 months of introduction, a highly negligible percentage 0.000119%, with the number of ported numbers actually falling from 7,164 reported ported numbers in May to 5,759 in June. The numbers are indeed a great let down from the lofty forecasts being made before the MNP introduction in Nigeria and much fanfare surrounding its launch Total ported numbers rate of 000119% in Nigeria as at June 2013 so far abysmally unconvincing.

Lack of awareness of the bulk of the subscriber base, poor publicity, difficulty of porting ,speed of porting ,willful complication of the process by network operators ,economic and technical limitations e.g. the fact that the same old mix that largely constrained the choices of the Nigerian mobile subscribers such as geographical reach of the individual networks ,and the extent and quality of network infrastructures still prevail, have combined to perpetuate the erstwhile dominant players without significant modification(ibid) ,lack of substantial investments by less dominant providers in network infrastructure to radically alter their competitiveness.

Conclusively, MNP introduction in Nigeria has entrenched global best practices locally, signaled a firm commitment by the regulatory body in Nigeria to promote ‘demand side’ policies in the telecoms services sector in Nigeria, the mobile telephony subsector in particular (ibid). However, it still has a long way to go if it is to fulfill the many laudable objectives that have been expressed as its aims.

The Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC, has identified multiple taxation and the inability of some state governments to grant Right of Way to telecoms service providers as some of the challenges affecting the actualisation of the Smart Cities initiative and the Internet of Everything, IoE, in Nigeria.

The Commission made the disclosure at a Breakout Session on: Exploring Smart Cities Opportunities and Internet of Everything, at the Information and Communications Technology and Telecommunication EXPO, ICTEL, 2016 conference in Lagos recently.
Speaking at the event the Deputy Director Consumer Affairs Bureau of the NCC, Dr. Femi Atoyebi, who represented the Executive Vice Chairman (EVC) of the Commission, Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta, said that the Smart Cities initiative and the Internet of Everything idea, would only be actualized when governments at various levels see telecom infrastructure as a critical national asset that must be protected.
Atoyebi added that the ICT infrastructure deployment would lead to the increase in broadband penetration, which can easily catapult the actualization of Smart Cities and Internet of Everything across Nigeria.
According to him, “It’s important to state that most of the time operators are hindered as a result of multiple taxation and Right of Way. For the Smart City and Internet of Things idea to fly, the government should see telecom infrastructure as critical national asset,” he said.

He added further that the Commission’s 8-Point Agenda summarizes the Commission’s strategy for the development of ICT in Nigeria through Availability, Accessibility and Affordability of services.

Highlight of the event’s Gala/award night was the honour received by the Executive Vice Chairman (EVC) of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta who was conferred with the Industry Personality of the Year Award. It was received on his behalf by the Deputy Director Consumer Affairs Bureau of the NCC, Dr. Femi Atoyebi.


As operators worldwide begin launching Long-Term Evolution (LTE) networks, the availability of LTE devices has skyrocketed to over 200 million, more than a tenfold increase since the end of 2010. While PCs account for the majority of subscriptions currently, smartphones are expected to become the largest segment by 2014. This is according to a new video based on the report by Jan Ten Setoff, Pyramid Research Analyst. Nigeria’s telecommunication industry is expected to join others to benefit from the world’s communication services revenue, which is expected to grow from $2.7 trillion by 2017.


by Ms. Freda Ruth Murray-Bruce (Head, Strategy and Performance Management Unit - Corporate Planning and Strategy Department)

A life without purpose is a life not lived.  To live is to achieve, to dream and to make a difference.  What is life if the sum total of our experience is to have acquired and enriched.  To live a life worth recounting is to live a life of sacrifice. To open doors for others; to champion causes others have never heard of; to speak when others shut up; to strive to attain the impossible.  To refuse to be put down, pressed down, oppressed or rejected.  It is to live a life of plenty; a life that says, ‘I can be anything that I choose to be’.  And when you get there, to strive for even more.

I had the singular privilege recently to go to Mandela’s place of captivity for 18 years.  I went to Robben Island in Cape Town South Africa. It is a trip that evokes deep emotions within you.  It evokes emotions of who you are, what you believe, what you stand for, what people believe you stand for, what you die for, and what you will give your life for.

Mandela is a man like none other.  Yet Mandela is every one of us.  He was born, he was subjected to difficulties, he understood failures, he made mistakes, he dreamt.  But in one place he stood out-  He actualized his dreams.

It takes a lot to dream.   Dreamers are not common.  Human beings are natural realists.  We accept what we see, what we are told, and strive not to rock the boat.  Dreamers are different.  Dreamers travel.  They desire, expect and wish for.  They aim for the stars, and see the stars indeed they do.  But dreamers often go through life empty.  For they see way more than the ordinary man.  But alas, dreamers often fall by the way side – the effort of actualizing a dream is the effort of sacrifice.  Sacrifice- the singular most difficult thing to give.  So dreams fail and dreamers die.  Dreamers are the loners, the sufferers, the wanderers.  The men and women who knew they could be all.  And yet, fear robbed them of their dream.  The fear of the unknown in the place of sacrifice.  Yea, so many a Mandela has died with dreams deep within their stomachs.


There was an increase in subscribers’ teledensity from 107.67 per cent in July 2015 to 107.87 per cent as at August 2015


The total number of subscribers (active lines) in Nigeria as at August 2015 is placed at 151,018,624 an increase from its previous 150,741,005 in July 2015


The number of active mobile GSM lines saw a slight increase from 148,495,205 in July 2015 to 148,703,160 as at August 2015


CDMA mobile has also seen an increase in its active lines, from 2,057,519 in July 2015 to 2,125,941 as at August 2015


Fixed (wired/wireless) lines saw a slight increase in its active user base, from 188,281 in July 2015, to 189,523 as at August 2015


With a subscriber base of 30,075,643; Airtel’s percentage market share is placed at 20 per cent as at July 2015


Etisalat’s market share is placed at 16 per cent as at July 2015 with an increase in subscribers’ database to 23,029,329; it has also retained its market share


Globacom has maintained its percentage market share at 21 per cent, while its subscriber base has seen a slight increase to 31,256,677 as at July 2015


Having an increased subscriber base of 64,133,556; MTN has also retained its market share at 43 per cent as at July 2015


The percentage market share by technology for mobile GSM is placed at 98.5 per cent as at July 2015, a decrease from 98.46 per cent in June 2015


CDMA has seen a decrease in its market share, from 1.42 per cent in June 2015 to 1.4 per cent as at July 2015


For the fixed (wired/wireless) lines, the market share has also suffered a decrease at 0.1 per cent as at July 2015, from 0.14 per cent in June 2015


The total number of internet subscribers for mobile GSM as at July 2015 is placed at 93,403,147 up from 92,699,924 in June 2015


Incoming porting activity saw an increase from 21,060 in June 2015 to 22,539 in July 2015


Outgoing porting activity increased from 21, 153 in June 2015, to 28,712 as at June 2015


With 4,047 outgoing porting activity of the total 28,712 mobile GSM network porting activity as at July 2015, Airtel gained an increase from its previous 3,768 as at June 2015


Etisalat saw a decrease in its outgoing porting activity from 2,177 in June 2015 to 2,161 in July 2015


Globacom maintained its outgoing porting activity at 3,290 in July from June 2015


Outgoing porting activity for MTN witnessed a significant increase from 11,918 in June 2015 to 19,214 in July 2015

by Mahmood Mahmood (Policy Competition & Economic Analysis)

They never pay? Today na 28th ooo!!!

Oh boy, I don broke pieces.

paycheck-walletThese are typical ‘end of month’ conversations one would hear along the walkways of our beautiful glass house at Aguiyi Ironsi Street that overlooks the Maitama skyline. Anticipations are sky high, but so are employee debt profiles. Need I mention that these employees are often viewed by others as affiliates of a blue chip company? How is it possible to fathom they can ever be “broke to pieces”?


Typically, employees will be asking if EVC is around usually for their own selfish reasons, not so that they would walk into his office to offer him a nice drink of coffee and tell him well done for keeping things together, or simply complement him for wearing a really nice suit.

In these trying times, people are having difficulty putting money aside for their long-term benefit. Living from paycheck to paycheck is something you want to avoid, as it's a bad habit that is easy to get into. Pay yourself first because no one else will. What is the best way to do this, you ask? Take out the savings portion before you use it unwisely. Here are a couple of tips to consider when planning your long-term financial growth.


Automatic Savings Plan

An automatic savings plan to put money aside into an emergency savings account or your retirement account, on a fixed day of the month, is the best way to start. Typically, people prefer having this luxury on the same day they receive their paychecks. By growing accustomed to a saving regime, you will be able to save a reasonable amount and at the same time live a manageable lifestyle.


Getting Into The Habit

We are creatures of habit, which is why living with a reduced paycheck is not as hard as people think -- once you adjust to this way of life. And once you establish the amount you can put aside, altering your spending habits will be easy as 1-2-3.

This will also allow you to realize what kind of lifestyle you can manage and handle. Living with these reduced means is the key to your financial independence.

No one is saying that you should lead a boring life, although realizing what you can handle in relation to what you earn and what you want is essential. The easiest vice to fall into is the constant and easy availability of credit, which can be extremely damaging to your long-term financial success.

Habit Becomes Second Nature

By instilling this regime, you will realize in no time that it will become second nature and that your spending will be reduced automatically. In this scenario, your spending is now based on what you have available rather than what you are earning.

Knowing that a certain amount of money is going to be withdrawn on a certain day will make it harder to spend it on something frivolous.

Your New Exercise Regime

Making any conscious effort to change requires discipline and time. Remember to be realistic in your savings effort and that it's a gradual process.

We always look to improve ourselves, or at least many of us do. Apply this to a new exercise program where you're looking to lose or put on weight. It is never done overnight and if it is, it's unhealthy.

Instill a pace that is manageable for your situation so it is easier to stick to. The harder you make it on yourself, the more likely you will get fed up and just continue on your downward spiral.

Let's say your goal is to put three months' worth of your income into a reserve account. It is then logical that you spend 80% of your pay while the balance would be put into a savings-type account.

You should also consider putting any surprise forms of income into the savings account, so your goal can be accomplished earlier.

Something To Achieve

By having your savings plan mapped out, it is much easier to motivate yourself. Once your spending objective is put in place, you should be on your way to a financial path that meets your needs.


stakeholder_meetingThe telecommunication industry in the last few months has witnessed cases of forceful closure of base stations in various parts of the country by agents of states and local government on non-payment of different kinds of levies and taxes. The closure of these base stations across the nation to enforce payment has come to the attention of the Telecoms regulatory authority, NCC.

By way of intervention, the commission has inaugurated an industry working group (IWG) on multiple taxation and levies. The duties of the work group varies from reviewing recent cases of multiple taxations suffered by the operators within the telecoms industry, to liaising with the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) and the Joint Tax Board (JTF) to ensure fair and equitable tax/levies for operators within the industry and where necessary, a review of the Taxes and Levies (Approved List for Collection) Act of 1998.

airtel-money_ghanaIn Ghana, Airtel has re-launched its mobile money platform, under a new brand name, Airtel Money, which it said is positioned to provide customers with an efficient alternative to cash transactions. Airtel Money includes the most comprehensive package of m-commerce and payment features currently with access to a convenient, secure and readily available way of making payments through the mobile platform.


  • Engr. Fidelis Onah

    2014Q4-features-fonahEngr. Fidelis Onah has BSC and MSc in Electronic Engineering from Moscow University of Communications and Information Tech, a PG. Dip. Computer Engineering and has over 18 years in Communications Engineering practice before joining the Nigerian Communications Commission in 2002. He is a registered Engineer with COREN with many years experience, and a member of several Engineering bodies including Institute of Electrical Electronics Engineering (IEEE), Communications Society, Computer Society, Standards Society, Broadcasting Society, etc. He is the Director, Human Capital and Infrastructure Group.

  • Mr. Haru Alhassan

    Mr. Haru Alhassan was a Deputy Director and Head of Technical Standards and Network Integrity Department before his new promotion to the rank of a Director. He graduated with B. Engineering (Electrical) from Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria in 1989 and MSc. Electrical and Computer engineering from the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg Canada in 2003. His experience spans over Mobile Network Planning, Deployment, Optimization, Operations and Support.

Deputy Directors

  • Mr. Ephraim Nwokenneya

    2014Q4-features-enwokenneyaAn alumnus of George Mason University, West Virginia, USA, Ephraim Chikwendu Nwokonneya was in 2000 conferred with the fellowship of the noble Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) and currently serves as a member of both the Membership Affairs and Finance/General Purpose Committees of the institute respectively. He is a management, finance, accounting and utility regulation specialist with broad experience spanning over 27 years in manufacturing, aviation, and telecom sectors of our country. In the past thirteen years, he has been part of the senior management team driving the revolution in the telecommunications sector of the country under the sector regulator; Nigerian Communications Commission. Particularly in 2010 he developed a robust compliance monitoring framework for the Nigerian telecoms industry and presently heads the Compliance Monitoring Unit of the Commission.

  • Dr. Henry C. Nkemadu

    Before his new promotion, Dr. Henry C. Nkemadu was an Assistant Director, Policy, Competition & Economic analysis Department from 2009. Previously the Zonal Controller and the Administrative head of the Lagos zonal office, he was formerly the Head - Policy, Economic Analysis and Research Unit where he was saddled with the responsibility to coordinate research and analysis of market trends and other economic indicators on the Nigerian telecommunications industry. He carried out reviews of telecoms industry policies, articulated and evaluated the implementation of necessary regulatory policies as well as facilitated the development of the Knowledge Management facilities in the Commission. Dr. Henry C. Nkemadu joined the NCC as a Principal Manager in the former Business Development Department and was responsible for strategizing for the Department. He was in charge of monitoring all consultancy projects to ensure compliance with terms of reference as well as drawing up proposals on capacity building initiatives and liaison with international agencies for capacity building.

  • Mr. Inatimi Spiff

    2014Q4-features-ispiffMr. Inatimi Benjamin Spiff obtained a Bachelor of Arts Honours degree in Mass Communication from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in July 1984. After stints as a journalist with both Daily Times Group and Guardian Newspapers, he was recruited in October 1992 by Nigerian Breweries Plc where he spent eight years – five years as Media Relations Assistant and three years as Field Sales Manager. In October 2001, Mr. Spiff joined the NCC as a Principal Manager, Press and Publications. He was redeployed as Zonal Controller, Port Harcourt in July 2008, was promoted to Assistant Director effective March 2009 and was transferred in February 2011 to Policy, Competition and Economic Analysis Department as Head, Competition and Tariff. In November 2013 he was moved to Projects Department to oversee the Commission’s Emergency Communication Project. Mr. Spiff has participated in various professional training programmes annually throughout his career.

  • Mrs. Amina Shehu

    2014Q4-features-ashehuMrs. Amina Shehu is an alumni of the Bayero University Kano, and has an MBA in Marketing from the Enugu University of Science and Technology Business School, Lagos. She joined the Commission in 2005 as a Principal Manager in the Legislative and Government Affairs, and was the SERVICOM Nodal Officer from June-2008 to January 2010. She was transferred to Policy Competition and Economic Analysis in 2010 as the Head, Policy and Process Review, and was made the Head, Human Capital Department in October, 2013. She has enviable years of experience garnered from her previous work environment which includes her work in Nigerian Investment Promotion Council (NIPC) as the Chief Investment Officer. She is a specialist in Human Resource Management, Public Relations, Marketing amongst others.

Assistant Directors

  • Mr. Edoyemi Ogoh

    2014Q4-features-eogohMr. Edoyemi Ogoh graduated from the University of Benin with a 1st class in Electrical and Electronics Engineering. He earned his MBA from the University of Warwick, UK and GMP from Wits Business School, South Africa. He has worked for different telecommunications companies in Nigeria including Mobitel, MTN and Airtel before joining NCC in 2012 as Principal Manager in the Spectrum Administration Department. He was an Engineering Manager in Mobitel, before moving to MTN as High Level Support Engineer and then Acting Manager High Level Support / Data Control Group. He then moved to Airtel (then Vmobile) where he held several positions including Manager Switching High Level Support -responsible for managing the team tasked with providing 2nd Level switching support and implementation, Head of Department (HOD) Core Planning - responsible for the switching network planning and project support, Head of Core Networks - responsible for planning, implementation and operations of the core networks, Head of Network Planning - responsible for the end to end planning of the network from the switching, transmission, IP/MPLS, IN/VAS, Radio networks to the 3G network and finally, Head of Entreprise Network Solutions with responsibility for delivering solutions targeted at the key corporate market.

  • Mr. Usman Malah

    2014Q4-features-umalahUsman Malah joined the Commission almost a decade ago and has worked variously in the Commission Secretariat, USPS, Consumer Affairs Department and currently in the Executive Office. A lawyer with over two decades at the Nigerian Bar. Mr. Malah is from Geidam in Yobe State. He had previously worked as State Counsel at the Ministry of Justice, Damaturu, Prosecuting Counsel at the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency and Habib (Nigeria) Bank now Keystone Bank as In – House Counsel. A holder of LL.B (Hons) and Masters in Business & Commercial Law (MBCL). His hobby includes watching football. He is currently the Special Assistant to the EVC/CEO, Legal. Mr. Malah is married with children.

  • Engr. Abraham Oshadami

    2014Q4-features-aoshadamiEngineer Abraham Sunday Oshadami attended the University of Ibadan where he graduated with First Class honors in Electrical Engineering in the year 1993/94. He started his work career with Unisys Inlaks Computers, Victoria Island, Lagos where he grew to become the Port Harcourt Branch Manager of the company before joining the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) in September 2004. He has worked in various departments including Engineering, Traffic and Network Integrity and Spectrum Administration. Engineer Oshadami is currently the Head of Spectrum Database Unit. Engr. Oshadami is a registered Engineer with the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN).

  • Miss Hafsat Lawal

    2014Q4-features-hlawalMiss Hafsat Lawal obtained her Law degree from the University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, in 1992 and was called to the Nigerian bar in 1993. She obtained Masters Degree in Law from University of Lagos, Lagos in 1996. She had a brief stint as a practicing Lawyer with the Law firm of Ayodele, Gafar and Co. in Kano. In January 1996, Miss Lawal joined the NCC as a Senior Officer, Commercial Services (now Licensing). She was redeployed to Management Information Services from where she moved to Legal Department and was later promoted to Manager. She was redeployed as Zonal Controller, Ibadan in July 2008 where she was promoted to Senior Manager; she was thereafter transferred to the Commission Secretariat. In 2011 she was redeployed to the Government and Legislative unit of the Public Affairs Department and subsequently promoted to Principal Manager. She was recently promoted to Assistant Director effective March 2014. Miss Lawal is an associate member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and has participated in various professional training programmes throughout her career.

  • Also promoted to the rank of Assistant Director were Engr. Abba Adamu, Ms. Chinelo Ofomata and Mr. Kelechi Nwankwo.