Issue #25   •   Quarter 3/4 Edition   •   December 2018

 

MEANING OF A MUSEUM

A Museum can be defined as a building or place where works of art, scientific specimens, or other permanent value are kept and displayed. Telecommunications in Nigeria include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

The development of telecommunications in Nigeria began in 1886 when a cable connection was established between Lagos and the colonial office in London. By 1893, government offices in Lagos were provided with telephone service, which was later extended to Ilorin and Jebba in the hinterland. A slow but steady process of development in the years that followed led to the gradual formation of the nucleus of a national telecommunications network.

In 1923, the first commercial trunk telephone service between Itu and Calabar was established. Between 1946 and 1952, a three-channel line carrier system was commissioned between Lagos and Ibadan and was later extended to Oshogbo, Kaduna, Kano, Benin, and Enugu; thus connecting the colonial office in London with Lagos and the commercial centers in the country with local authority offices.

Since its inception a little over a century ago, Nigeria's telecommunications system has progressed through various stages of development from the primitive communications equipment in its colonial days to the enormous variety of technologies available today.

The Commission’s museum can be located close to the library. The Commission’s Museum is an information rich environment which takes us back to the history of telecommunication in Nigeria which has helped hasten the growth of ICT in Nigeria. The NCC’s museum consists of four sections namely:

  1. The Postal Service section
  2. Telex and Telegraphs Section
  3. The Analogue Section
  4. The Digital Section

Here are a few contents of the postal service section

POSTAL OFFICE SECTION

  1. POSTAL OFFICE COUNTER: Post office counter is the window of NIPOST or any other postal establishment. Post office counter is where transactions are made. Example (1) Selling of postage stamps (2) Registration of letters, delivery of registered mails, etc. This wooden post office counter dates back to 1852 when postal service was introduced in Lagos by the British Government.
  2. DROP BAG FITTING: Drop bag fittings are well constructed metal devices fitted in mails bags where large postal packets and parcels are sorted according to their destinations. This came into use in the late 19th century.
  3. BALANCE SPRING SCALE: The spring scale apparatus is simply a spring fixed at one end with a hook to attach an object at the other. It works by Hooke’s Law, which states that the force needed to extend a spring is proportional to the distance that spring is extended from its rest position.
  4. IMPERIAL TYPEWRITER: A typewriter is a device that prints letters one at a time on paper using ink when the user presses key on a keyboard. In 1902, American inventor Hidalgo Mayo, arrived in Leicester, carrying his handmade model of what, at the time, he considered a revolutionary design of typewriter. A local businessman, Mr. J.G Chattaway, was persuaded to finance the opening of a small factory in Gaton Street, Leicester, where The Moya Typewriter Company could develop, manufacture and market their new machine.

 

TELEX/TELEGRAPH SECTION

  1. TELEPRINTER T1200BS: This Siemens T1200 was in use between 1986 and 1991. It also has 5 level (bit) Baudot code page printer of between speeds 50 to 100 baud (switchable). It has a matrix printer and electronic memory. It is the last ever produced teleprinter model by Siemens. These machines were built in a time where Telefax already replaced the TELEX service. It is available in two main versions.

 

ANALOGUE SECTION

  1. BINDING WIRE: This is a tapered fibre optic distribution cable that includes a plurality of drop cables having at least one predetermined breakout location where a drop cable is withdrawn from the tapered distribution cable. The drop cables are bound together to form the tapered fibre optic distribution cable by binding members or helical winding. Each drop cable contains a plurality of optical fibres which may be reconnectorized according to a user’s preferences. It was invented by Brain Herbst and assigned to AFL Telecommunications LLC. The filling in US was on August 8, 2006. The patent number is 7590320.
  2. UNDERGROUND CABLE ROLLER: Underground cable roller came into use in the early 20th century and it is used for installation of underground power cable or communication cables. There are different types of rollers for installation of communication or power cable in the trench, some of which are: Trench Roller, Twin Link Corner Roller, Trench Feed Roller Set, Manhole Quadrant Roller, Duct Entry Rollers and Cable Duct Protection. It is advisable that Cable rollers should always be used when pulling cables.
  3. DUAL BEAM SYNCROSCOPE: The dual-beam synchroscope or analog oscilloscope can display two signals simultaneously. Although multi-trace analog oscilloscopes can simulate a dual-beam display with chop and alternate sweeps, those features do not provide simultaneous displays. (Real time digital oscilloscope offers the same benefits of a dual-beam oscilloscope, but they do not require a dual-beam display).
  4. 5MHZ TRANSMISSION TEST TROLLEY: 5MHz transmission test trolley first used in the early 1910s is an equipment test set which is a fully programmable instrument with a bandwidth of 5MHz. The 5MHz (60m) amateur allocation spand 5 fixed frequencies and requires a NoV from the RSGB. The 60 meter band of 5MHz band is a relatively new (2002) amateur radio band that was originally only available in a few countries, such as the US, UK, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Ireland and Iceland.

  

DIGITAL SECTION

  1. FIRST COIN BOX: This is also a telephone that requires immediate payment for operation, as by a coin or credit card. Also called pay station. Pay telephone stations preceded the invention of the pay phone and existed as early as 1878. These stations were supervised by telephone company attendants or agents (such as an employee in a hotel where a station might be located) who collected the money due after people made their calls. In 1889, the first public coin telephone was installed by inventor William Gray at a bank in Hartford, Connecticut. It was a “postpay” machine (coins were deposited after the call was placed).
  2. 1895’s LINE CORDED CANDLESTICK PHONE: The candlestick telephone was manufactured from the early 1890s through the 1920s. The Candlestick phone without a dial, also known as the ‘Upright’ initial became popular during the early 1900s and had many manufacturers before the introduction of the one-piece handset. The Crosley CR64 1-Line Corded Phone is one of the first Candlestick phones which were introduced when the magneto system was in use which meant that the phone was connected to a large wooden box called a subset containing a battery, bell, and crank.
  3. DIGITAL CARD PHONE: This is a public payphone which is often located in a phone booth or a privacy hood, with pre-payment by inserting a pre-paid telephone card, a credit or debit card, or money (usually coins). Payphones are often found in public places, transportation hubs such as airports or train stations, convenience stores, malls, casions, and on street corners.